Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in all aerobic organisms, potentially leading to oxidative damage of all biological molecules. A number of defence mechanisms have developed to protect the organism from attack by ROS. Desiccation tolerance is correlated with an increase in the antioxidant potential in several organisms, but the regulation of the antioxidant defence system is complex and its role in desiccation tolerant organisms is not yet firmly established. To determine if anhydrobiotic tardigrades have an antioxidant defence system, capable of counteracting ROS, we compared the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, the fatty acid composition and Heat shock protein expression in two physiological states (desiccated vs hydrated) of the tardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi. In hydrated tardigrades, superoxide dismutase and catalase show comparable activities, while in desiccated specimens the activity of superoxide dismutase increases. The glutathione peroxidase was induced by desiccation together with glutathione content. The percentage of fatty acid composition of polyunsaturated fatty acids and the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances is higher in desiccated animals than in hydrated ones. Lastly, desiccated tardigrades did not differ significantly from the hydrated ones in the relative levels of Hsp70 and Hsp90. These results indicate that possession of antioxidant metabolism could represent a crucial strategy to avoid damages in anhydrobiotic tardigrades.

Antioxidant defences in hydrated and desiccated states of the tardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi / A. M., Rizzo; M., Negroni; Altiero, Tiziana; G., Montorfano; P., Corsetto; P., Berselli; B., Berra; Guidetti, Roberto; Rebecchi, Lorena. - In: COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. PART B, BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1096-4959. - STAMPA. - 156:2(2010), pp. 115-121. [10.1016/j.cbpb.2010.02.009]

Antioxidant defences in hydrated and desiccated states of the tardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi

ALTIERO, Tiziana;GUIDETTI, Roberto;REBECCHI, Lorena
2010

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in all aerobic organisms, potentially leading to oxidative damage of all biological molecules. A number of defence mechanisms have developed to protect the organism from attack by ROS. Desiccation tolerance is correlated with an increase in the antioxidant potential in several organisms, but the regulation of the antioxidant defence system is complex and its role in desiccation tolerant organisms is not yet firmly established. To determine if anhydrobiotic tardigrades have an antioxidant defence system, capable of counteracting ROS, we compared the activity of several antioxidant enzymes, the fatty acid composition and Heat shock protein expression in two physiological states (desiccated vs hydrated) of the tardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi. In hydrated tardigrades, superoxide dismutase and catalase show comparable activities, while in desiccated specimens the activity of superoxide dismutase increases. The glutathione peroxidase was induced by desiccation together with glutathione content. The percentage of fatty acid composition of polyunsaturated fatty acids and the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances is higher in desiccated animals than in hydrated ones. Lastly, desiccated tardigrades did not differ significantly from the hydrated ones in the relative levels of Hsp70 and Hsp90. These results indicate that possession of antioxidant metabolism could represent a crucial strategy to avoid damages in anhydrobiotic tardigrades.
156
2
115
121
Antioxidant defences in hydrated and desiccated states of the tardigrade Paramacrobiotus richtersi / A. M., Rizzo; M., Negroni; Altiero, Tiziana; G., Montorfano; P., Corsetto; P., Berselli; B., Berra; Guidetti, Roberto; Rebecchi, Lorena. - In: COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. PART B, BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1096-4959. - STAMPA. - 156:2(2010), pp. 115-121. [10.1016/j.cbpb.2010.02.009]
A. M., Rizzo; M., Negroni; Altiero, Tiziana; G., Montorfano; P., Corsetto; P., Berselli; B., Berra; Guidetti, Roberto; Rebecchi, Lorena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/639652
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