An experimental study was performed in order to test the possibility of improving bone repair with the administration of a drug (Calciofix, Farmaceutici Damor SpA, Naples, Italy) containing essential amino acids and lactose. Fifty rabbits were submitted to an open transversal fracture of the left fibula and to a right femoral condyle defect. They were left untreated or treated daily with the drug orally and were divided into subgroups depending on the experimental time: 15, 30, 40, 50, 60 days. Histomorphometric data showed a significantly faster healing rate in treated animals compared with untreated ones. Firstly, on day 30 there was a significantly larger amount of cartilage in the control bone callus (P < 0.01). On day 50 a significant difference existed between trabecular and lacunar percentages in the two subgroups (P < 0.0005). At 60 days no significant differences were observed, but bony trabeculae had become more oriented parallel to the long axis of the bone in treated animals. Secondly, after 15 days the defect area was significantly smaller in treated animals than in the untreated ones (P < 0.01). At 30 and 40 days, respectively, significant differences existed between the two subgroups in connective tissue and mature bone percentages (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001). Our results seem to demonstrate that the drug significantly accelerates the rate of bone formation in fractures and bone defects in rabbits.
Effects of essential amino acids and lactose on bony fractures and defects in rabbits: a preliminary histomorphometric study / M., Fini; N., Nicoli Aldini; Canè, Valerio; Zaffe, Davide; G., Giavaresi; M., Rocca; G. A., Guzzardella; R., Giardino. - In: ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY. - ISSN 0936-8051. - STAMPA. - 119:(1999), pp. 39-45. [10.1007/s004020050352]