The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible interactions and/or modulations of the serotoninergic system on hormonal parameters and the reproductive axis in amenorrheic subjects, Hypogonadotropic, underweight, amenorrheic patients (n=8) were studied before and during cyproheptadine clorhydrate administration (4 mg/day for 3 months). A pulsatility study (4 hours, sampling every 10 minutes) and a naloxone test were performed before and after 4 and 12 weeks of treatment. Plasma luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), growth hormone (GH), estradiol, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free tri-iodothyronine (fT(3)), free thyroxine (fT(4)) and total tri-iodothyonine (total T-3), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations were determined. Pulse detection analysis was performed using the DETECT program. Serotoninergic receptor blockade affected neither the naloxone-inducted LH response nor the gonadotropin pulsatile parameters. Body mass index (BMI) did not vary; conversely, integrated mean gonadotropins, CH and fT(3) concentrations increased during the treatment. In conclusion, cyproheptadine administration affects some of the abnormal endocrine parameters of underweight amenorrheic subjects with no modulation of the opioidergic system. It is likely that the gonadotropin and the fT(3) increases take place owing to a change in the metabolic signals modulating hypothalamic function and/or an increased energy availability. Our study suggests a specific central effect of cyproheptadine on the serotonergic pathway controlling food intake at the hypothalamic level.
Effects of cyproheptadine clorhydrate, a serotonin receptor antagonist, on endocrine parameters in weight-loss related amenorrhea / Genazzani, Alessandro; Strucchi, C; Malavasi, B; Tortolani, F; Vecchi, F; Luisi, S; Petraglia, F.. - In: GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0951-3590. - STAMPA. - 15:(2001), pp. 279-285.