Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited disorder characterized by calcification of elastic fibres leading to dermatological and vascular alterations associated to premature aged features and to life threatening clinical manifestations. The severity of the disease is independent from the type of mutation in the ABCC6 gene, and it has been suggested that local and/or systemic factors may contribute to the occurrence of clinical phenotype. The redox balance in the circulation of 27 PXE patients and of 50 healthy subjects of comparable age was evaluated by measuring the advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), the lipid peroxidation derivatives (LOOH), the circulating total antioxidant status (TAS), the thiol content and the extracellular superoxide dismutase activity (EC-SOD). Patients were diagnosed by clinical, ultrastructural and molecular findings. Compared to control subjects, PXE patients exhibited significantly lower antioxidant potential, namely circulating TAS and free thiol groups, and higher levels of parameters of oxidative damage, as LOOH and of AOPP, and of circulating EC-SOD activity. Interestingly, the ratio between oxidant and antioxidant parameters was significantly altered in PXE patients and related to various score indices. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that several parameters of oxidative stress are modified in the blood of PXE patients and that the redox balance is significantly altered compared to control subjects of comparable age. Therefore, in PXE patients the circulating impaired redox balance may contribute to the occurrence of several clinical manifestations in PXE patients, and/or to the severity of disease, thus opening new perspectives for their management.

Parameters of oxidative stress are present in the circulation of PXE patients / M. I., Garcia Fernandez; Gheduzzi, Dealba; Boraldi, Federica; Paolinelli Devincenzi, Chiara; P., Sanchez; P., Valdivielso; M. J., Morilla; Quaglino, Daniela; Guerra, Deanna; Casolari, Sara; L., Bercovitch; Ronchetti, Ivonne. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0925-4439. - STAMPA. - 1782(7-8):(2008), pp. 474-481. [10.1016/j.bbadis.2008.05.001]

Parameters of oxidative stress are present in the circulation of PXE patients

GHEDUZZI, Dealba;BORALDI, Federica;PAOLINELLI DEVINCENZI, Chiara;QUAGLINO, Daniela;GUERRA, Deanna;CASOLARI, Sara;RONCHETTI, Ivonne
2008

Abstract

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited disorder characterized by calcification of elastic fibres leading to dermatological and vascular alterations associated to premature aged features and to life threatening clinical manifestations. The severity of the disease is independent from the type of mutation in the ABCC6 gene, and it has been suggested that local and/or systemic factors may contribute to the occurrence of clinical phenotype. The redox balance in the circulation of 27 PXE patients and of 50 healthy subjects of comparable age was evaluated by measuring the advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), the lipid peroxidation derivatives (LOOH), the circulating total antioxidant status (TAS), the thiol content and the extracellular superoxide dismutase activity (EC-SOD). Patients were diagnosed by clinical, ultrastructural and molecular findings. Compared to control subjects, PXE patients exhibited significantly lower antioxidant potential, namely circulating TAS and free thiol groups, and higher levels of parameters of oxidative damage, as LOOH and of AOPP, and of circulating EC-SOD activity. Interestingly, the ratio between oxidant and antioxidant parameters was significantly altered in PXE patients and related to various score indices. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that several parameters of oxidative stress are modified in the blood of PXE patients and that the redox balance is significantly altered compared to control subjects of comparable age. Therefore, in PXE patients the circulating impaired redox balance may contribute to the occurrence of several clinical manifestations in PXE patients, and/or to the severity of disease, thus opening new perspectives for their management.
1782(7-8)
474
481
Parameters of oxidative stress are present in the circulation of PXE patients / M. I., Garcia Fernandez; Gheduzzi, Dealba; Boraldi, Federica; Paolinelli Devincenzi, Chiara; P., Sanchez; P., Valdivielso; M. J., Morilla; Quaglino, Daniela; Guerra, Deanna; Casolari, Sara; L., Bercovitch; Ronchetti, Ivonne. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0925-4439. - STAMPA. - 1782(7-8):(2008), pp. 474-481. [10.1016/j.bbadis.2008.05.001]
M. I., Garcia Fernandez; Gheduzzi, Dealba; Boraldi, Federica; PAOLINELLI DEVINCENZI, Chiara; P., Sanchez; P., Valdivielso; M. J., Morilla; Quaglino, Daniela; Guerra, Deanna; Casolari, Sara; L., Bercovitch; Ronchetti, Ivonne
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/638818
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