HOX DNA-binding proteins control patterning during development by regulating processes such as cell aggregation and proliferation. Recently, a possible involvement of HOX proteins in replication origin activity was suggested by results showing that a number of HOX proteins interact with the DNA replication licensing regulator geminin and bind a characterized human origin of replication. The functional significance of these observations, however, remained unclear. We show that HOXD13, HOXD11, and HOXA13 bind in vivo all characterized human replication origins tested. We furthermore show that HOXD13 interacts with the CDC6 loading factor, promotes pre-replication complex (pre-RC) proteins assembly at origins, and stimulates DNA synthesis in an in vivo replication assay. HOXD13 expression in cultured cells accelerates DNA synthesis initiation in correlation with the earlier pre-RC recruitment onto origins during G(1) phase. Geminin, which interacts with HOXD13 as well, blocks HOXD13-mediated assembly of pre-RC proteins and inhibits HOXD13-induced DNA replication. Our results uncover a function for Hox proteins in the regulation of replication origin activity and reveal an unforeseen role for the inhibition of HOX protein activity by geminin in the context of replication origin licensing.

HOXD13 binds DNA replication origins to promote origin licensing and is inhibited by geminin / Salsi, Valentina; Ferrari, Silvia; Ferraresi, Roberta; Cossarizza, Andrea; Grande, Alexis; Zappavigna, Vincenzo. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-7306. - STAMPA. - 29:(2009), pp. 5775-5788.

HOXD13 binds DNA replication origins to promote origin licensing and is inhibited by geminin.

SALSI, Valentina;FERRARI, Silvia;FERRARESI, Roberta;COSSARIZZA, Andrea;GRANDE, Alexis;ZAPPAVIGNA, Vincenzo
2009

Abstract

HOX DNA-binding proteins control patterning during development by regulating processes such as cell aggregation and proliferation. Recently, a possible involvement of HOX proteins in replication origin activity was suggested by results showing that a number of HOX proteins interact with the DNA replication licensing regulator geminin and bind a characterized human origin of replication. The functional significance of these observations, however, remained unclear. We show that HOXD13, HOXD11, and HOXA13 bind in vivo all characterized human replication origins tested. We furthermore show that HOXD13 interacts with the CDC6 loading factor, promotes pre-replication complex (pre-RC) proteins assembly at origins, and stimulates DNA synthesis in an in vivo replication assay. HOXD13 expression in cultured cells accelerates DNA synthesis initiation in correlation with the earlier pre-RC recruitment onto origins during G(1) phase. Geminin, which interacts with HOXD13 as well, blocks HOXD13-mediated assembly of pre-RC proteins and inhibits HOXD13-induced DNA replication. Our results uncover a function for Hox proteins in the regulation of replication origin activity and reveal an unforeseen role for the inhibition of HOX protein activity by geminin in the context of replication origin licensing.
29
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5788
HOXD13 binds DNA replication origins to promote origin licensing and is inhibited by geminin / Salsi, Valentina; Ferrari, Silvia; Ferraresi, Roberta; Cossarizza, Andrea; Grande, Alexis; Zappavigna, Vincenzo. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-7306. - STAMPA. - 29:(2009), pp. 5775-5788.
Salsi, Valentina; Ferrari, Silvia; Ferraresi, Roberta; Cossarizza, Andrea; Grande, Alexis; Zappavigna, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/638783
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