OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was a comparison of contrast-enhanced sonography (CEUS) and power Doppler ultrasound (US) findings in renal grafts within 30 days posttransplantation. METHODS: A total of 39 kidney recipients underwent CEUS (SonoVue bolus injection) and US examinations at 5 (T0), 15 (T1), and 30 (T2) days after grafting. The results were correlated with clinical findings and functional evolution. Fourteen patients displayed early acute kidney dysfunction: 10 had acute tubular necrosis (acute tubular necrosis [ATN] group); four acute rejection episodes (ARE group); 25 with normal evolution (as control, C group). Renal biopsies were performed to obtain a diagnosis in the four ATN cases and in all ARE patients. Creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate were used as kidney function parameters. CEUS analysis was performed both on cortical and medullary regions while US resistivity indexes (RI) were obtained on main, infrarenal, and arcuate arteries. From an analysis of CEUS time-intensity curves, we computed peak enhancement (PEAK), time to peak (TTP), mean transit time (MTT), regional blood flow (RBF) and volume (RBV), and cortical to medullary ratio of these indies (RATIO). RESULTS: An increased RI was present in the ATN and ARE groups as well as a reduced PEAK and RBF. RATIO-RBV and RATIO-MTT were lower than C among ATN cases, while TTP was higher compared to C in ARE. No statistical difference was evidence for RI between ATN and ARE groups. MTT (T0) was significantly related to creatinine at follow-up (T2). CONCLUSIONS: US and CEUS identified grafts with early dysfunction, but only some CEUS-derived parameters distinguished ATN from ARE, adding prognostic information.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Contrast-enhanced sonography in early kidney graft dysfunction.|
|Autori:||Benozzi L; Cappelli G; Granito M; Davoli D; Favali D; Montecchi MG; Grossi A; Torricelli P; Albertazzi A.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.03.029|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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