Bacterial symbionts of insects have been proposed for blocking transmission of vector-borne pathogens. However, in many vector models the ecology of symbionts and their capability of cross-colonizing different hosts, an important feature in the symbiotic control approach, is poorly known. Here we show that the acetic acid bacterium Asaia, previously found in the malaria mosquito vector Anopheles stephensi, is also present in and capable of cross-colonizing other sugar-feeding insects of phylogenetically distant genera and orders. PCR, real-time PCR and in situ-hybridization experiments showed Asaia in the body of the mosquito Aedes aegypti and the leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus, vectors of human viruses and a grapevine phytoplasma, respectively. Cross colonization patterns of the body of Ae. aegypti, An. stephensi and S. titanus have been documented with Asaia strains isolated from An. stephensi or Ae. aegypti, and labelled with plasmid- or chromosome-encoded fluorescent proteins (Gfp and DsRed, respectively). Fluorescence and confocal microscopy showed that Asaia, administered with the sugar meal, efficiently colonized guts, male and female reproductive systems and the salivary glands. The ability in cross-colonizing insects of phylogenetically distant orders indicates that Asaia adopts body invasion mechanisms independent from the host biological characteristics. This versatility is an important property for the development of symbiont-based therapies of different vector-borne diseases.

Asaia, a versatile acetic acid bacterial symbiont, capable of cross-colonizing insects of phylogenetically-distant genera and orders / E., Crotti; C., Damiani; M., Pajoro; E., Gonella; A., Rizzi; I., Ricci; I., Negri; P., Scuppa; P., Rossi; Mandrioli, Mauro; C., Bandi; G., Favia; A., Alma; D., Daffonchio. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-2912. - STAMPA. - 11:(2009), pp. 3252-3264. [10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02048.x]

Asaia, a versatile acetic acid bacterial symbiont, capable of cross-colonizing insects of phylogenetically-distant genera and orders

MANDRIOLI, Mauro;
2009

Abstract

Bacterial symbionts of insects have been proposed for blocking transmission of vector-borne pathogens. However, in many vector models the ecology of symbionts and their capability of cross-colonizing different hosts, an important feature in the symbiotic control approach, is poorly known. Here we show that the acetic acid bacterium Asaia, previously found in the malaria mosquito vector Anopheles stephensi, is also present in and capable of cross-colonizing other sugar-feeding insects of phylogenetically distant genera and orders. PCR, real-time PCR and in situ-hybridization experiments showed Asaia in the body of the mosquito Aedes aegypti and the leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus, vectors of human viruses and a grapevine phytoplasma, respectively. Cross colonization patterns of the body of Ae. aegypti, An. stephensi and S. titanus have been documented with Asaia strains isolated from An. stephensi or Ae. aegypti, and labelled with plasmid- or chromosome-encoded fluorescent proteins (Gfp and DsRed, respectively). Fluorescence and confocal microscopy showed that Asaia, administered with the sugar meal, efficiently colonized guts, male and female reproductive systems and the salivary glands. The ability in cross-colonizing insects of phylogenetically distant orders indicates that Asaia adopts body invasion mechanisms independent from the host biological characteristics. This versatility is an important property for the development of symbiont-based therapies of different vector-borne diseases.
2009
11
3252
3264
Asaia, a versatile acetic acid bacterial symbiont, capable of cross-colonizing insects of phylogenetically-distant genera and orders / E., Crotti; C., Damiani; M., Pajoro; E., Gonella; A., Rizzi; I., Ricci; I., Negri; P., Scuppa; P., Rossi; Mandrioli, Mauro; C., Bandi; G., Favia; A., Alma; D., Daffonchio. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-2912. - STAMPA. - 11:(2009), pp. 3252-3264. [10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02048.x]
E., Crotti; C., Damiani; M., Pajoro; E., Gonella; A., Rizzi; I., Ricci; I., Negri; P., Scuppa; P., Rossi; Mandrioli, Mauro; C., Bandi; G., Favia; A., Alma; D., Daffonchio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/627198
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