The Italian Cooperative Group for Hairy Cell Leukaemia (ICGHCL), between April 1985 and June 1987, conducted a multicentre study using human lymphoblastoid alpha-interferon as primary therapy as an alternative to splenectomy. Forty-eight evaluable patients with HCL entered the study, 38 of them had splenomegaly, in five patients the spleen was not palpable and five were unfit for surgery because of age and general condition. Daily dose of 3 MU s.c. alpha-IFN was given for 12 weeks, or until a satisfactory and stable response was obtained. Among these 48 patients the response rate after 3 months of therapy was 63%, with seven patients (15%) achieving complete remission and 23 (48%) partial remission; 13 (27%) patients had a minor response. In five patients no response was observed and they died within 2 months of treatment. Five other patients, after an initial response, presented a re-expansion of the disease. Actuarial survival at 30 months was 88.8% for the entire group of 48 patients and 92% for the 38 patients who would normally be treated by splenectomy. Thus, alpha-IFN as primary treatment in HCL offered a reasonable therapy for splenomegalic patients. The timing and validity of splenectomy still remains an open question.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Titolo:||Human lymphoblastoid interferon as initial therapy in hairy cell leukemia: a multicenter study in non-splenectomized patients|
|Autori:||Federico M.; Chisesi T.; Lauria F.; Bernasconi C.; Capnist G.; Castoldi G.; Damasio EE.; Pagnucco G.; Frassoldati A.; Resegotti L.; Silingardi V.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2141.1989.tb07651.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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