Long term evaluation of hazelnut response to irrigation is important in areas with limited water availability. Drought conditions are becoming common in the regions of Central Italy, such as Latium, which is the second area of hazelnut production in Italy. The trial examined from 2005 to 2007 the response of adult plants of cultivars Tonda Gentile Romana, Tonda di Giffoni and Nocchione to different levels of irrigation in the experimental orchard established in 1992 at the Experimental farm of University of Tuscia. Three volumes of irrigation corresponding to the restitution of 50, 75, 100 % ETc calculated from class A evaporation were applied by means of drip irrigation and compared with the un-irrigated control. Vegetative growth (trunk cross-sectional area and crown volume) and yield components were positively affected by irrigation. The highest plant yield was obtained at the 75 % ETc for all cultivars and years. Nut and kernel weight and size were slightly greater in irrigated than in control plants. The percentage of empty and defected nuts was higher in condition of limited water availability. The oil content in the kernel of TGR and Nocchione was slightly higher in 75 % and 100 % ETc than in the other treatments. In conclusion, water supply of 75 % ETc could be valid irrigation levels for hazelnut cvs. Tonda Gentile Romana, Tonda di Giffoni and Nocchione in areas characterized by insufficient rainfalls during the year.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Effects of irrigation on the growth, production and nut traits of two cultivars of Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) in Central Italy|
|Autori:||Bignami C.; Cristofori V.; Ghini P.; Cammilli C.; Rugini E.|
|Data del convegno:||23th-27th June 2008|
|Nome del convegno:||§7th International Congress on Hazelnut|
|Luogo del convegno:||Viterbo (Italy)|
|Titolo del libro:||Acta Horticulturae|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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