Insights into the geochemical composition of melts and fluids migrating trough the Patagonian mantle wedge are provided by the ultramafic xenoliths occurrence of Tres Lagos (TL; lat. 49.13°S, long. 71.18°W). This locality is placed at the eastern border of the Meseta de la Muerte backarc basaltic plateau, where a post-plateau volcanic diatreme contains mantle xenoliths in both pyroclastites and lavas. Its latitude corresponds with the Northern limit of the Austral Volcanic Arc (AVZ), which is separated from the Southern Volcanic Zone (SVZ) by a gap in the arc magmatism ranging between 49° and 46°30′ latitude S. The selected xenoliths have been distinguished into two groups (Group 1 & 2). Group 1 consists of lherzolites and harzburgites, whereas Group 2 is only formed by harzburgites.The texture of the Group 1 lherzolites is protogranular to granoblastic and porphyroblastic, whereas Group 1 harzburgites have always granoblastic texture. Group 2 harzburgites have granular texture, which may fade into porphyroblastic owing to the presence of large olivine and orthopyroxene crystals.The clinopyroxenes (Cpx) from Group 1 lherzolites have PM-normalised REE patterns varying from LREE-depleted (Lan/Smn= 0.24-0.37), to LREE-enriched (Lan/Ybn up to 4.08) and spoon-shaped: the latter have minimum at Pr and Pr-Yb concentrations similar to those shown by the LREE-depleted Cpx.The Cpx from Group 1 harzburgites have lower REE concentrations with respect to the lherzolite ones and their REE patterns vary from HREE-enriched, steadily fractionated, (Lan/Ybn = 0.21–0.35, Ybn ~ 1-2) to spoon-shaped (Lan/Smn = 2.81; Smn/Ybn = 0.89; Ybn ~ 3).The Cpx from the Group 2 harzburgites have convex-upward (Lan/Smn = 0.31; Smn/Ybn = 1.50) to LREE-enriched (Lan/Ybn = 2.94) patterns.The Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic compositions of the Group 1 clinopyroxenes form an array from DM to the TL basaltic lavas, according to the presence of EM1 component. Group 2 Cpx have much more radiogenic Sr and less radiogenic Nd values, approaching those of EM1 and EM2 end-members: these features are associated to very unradiogenic lead isotopic compositions (206Pb/204Pb = 17.4-18.1; 207Pb/204Pb = 15.55-15.60; 208Pb/204Pb = 37.3-38.5). The combination of petrographic, trace element and isotopic fetures indicate that TL harzburgites are residua after melt-assisted partial melting triggered by melt/fluid migration in the hottest, and perhaps deeper, parts of the pristine DM lithosphere. The interpretation of the Pb isotope composition of Group 2 Cpx is not trivial. In analogy with the interpretation proposed for SWIR, it could unravel the occurrence of mantle sources which incorporated ancient crust and failed to homogenise with the DM mantle. Alternatively, it could be the evidence for ancient continental crust of the South America plate dragged down into the mantle by slab motion.
Attenzione! Scheda prodotto non ancora validata dall'Ateneo
Dati e metadati della pubblicazione sono in fase di verifica da parte dell'Ateneo. In caso di errori o violazione dei diritti d'autore, contattare: email@example.com
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Evidence for ultra-depleted Pb isotopic metasomatic liquid in the backarc Patagonian Mantle Wedge|
|Autori:||RIVALENTI G; MAZZUCCHELLI M; ZANETTI A; HÉMOND C; CIPRIANI A; BERTOTTO GW; CINGOLANI CA|
|Nome del convegno:||GeoItalia 2009 - VII Forum Italiano di Scienze della Terra|
|Luogo del convegno:||Rimini|
|Data del convegno:||09-11/09/2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract in Rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
I documenti presenti in Iris Unimore sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia, salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris