Despite significant improvements in treatment modalities over the 10 years, the clinical course of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) remains heterogeneous. Thus, prognostic indexes are still required to direct treatment choices and for the design of clinical trials. Investigators have conducted a variety of studies aimed at integrated assessment of biological and clinical features in order to identify novel prognostic factors and scoring systems. Genetic studies focused on tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment represent a step forward in understanding the biology of FL and are likely to provide new prognostic tools for future clinical use. Several prognostic factors have been identified and are currently used in combination to establish prognostic scores and to support therapeutic decisions. The FL International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) is currently used for defining individual risk of death. More recently, FLIPI2 was developed by the same group that built FLIPI as a new model for prognostic definition of patients with FL. The model was defined using prospectively collected data from patients who also received the monoclonal therapeutic antibody rituximab and stratifies patients into three risk categories for disease progression. Since many biological factors are not yet clinically validated or easily assessable, clinical data still represent the major source of prognostic information. The progressive development of new and more effective therapies for the treatment of FL makes the study of prognosis a dynamic and evolving area of clinical research.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Prognostic tools in follicular lymphomas|
|Autori:||Luminari S.; Cox M.C.; Montanini A.; Federico M.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1586/EHM.09.34|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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