The rare macrodasyidan Xenodasys eknomios is the first member of the genus to be found in the Mediterranean Sea and thefourth species known worldwide. As Xenodasys has proved to be at the base of the Macrodasyida clade, we provide new dataon the reproductive system and spermatozoa to try and shed light on the ground pattern of gastrotrich reproduction. Thehermaphroditic system of X. eknomios consists of two testes with ventrolateral pores and two caudal ovaries. A sac-likefrontal organ, generally containing a spermatophore, is enveloped by a basal lamina and attached to the body wall bymuscular fibres, appearing as a permanent structure. The spermatophore contains mature, filiform, spermatozoa, eachcomposed of acrosome, spiralized nucleus, connecting piece and flagellum. The complex acrosome is the predominantelement and forms the axis of the sperm. Most of the acrosome, is surrounded by two helixes, the external one is the nucleusand the internal one is a crystalline-like ribbon structure. The peculiar acrosome–nucleus complex, and the long connectingpiece appear as autapomorphies. The structural plans of the reproductive system and the spermatozoa support the currentsystematization of Xenodasyidae and provide evidence for a possible sperm transfer modality in these species.

Unusual spermatozoa and reproductive modalities of Xenodasys eknomios (Gastrotricha: Xenodasyidae) / Guidi, L.; Ferraguti, M.; Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Pierboni, L.; Balsamo, M.. - In: THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 1125-0003. - STAMPA. - 76:(2009), pp. 165-172.

Unusual spermatozoa and reproductive modalities of Xenodasys eknomios (Gastrotricha: Xenodasyidae)

TODARO, Mary Antonio Donatello;
2009

Abstract

The rare macrodasyidan Xenodasys eknomios is the first member of the genus to be found in the Mediterranean Sea and thefourth species known worldwide. As Xenodasys has proved to be at the base of the Macrodasyida clade, we provide new dataon the reproductive system and spermatozoa to try and shed light on the ground pattern of gastrotrich reproduction. Thehermaphroditic system of X. eknomios consists of two testes with ventrolateral pores and two caudal ovaries. A sac-likefrontal organ, generally containing a spermatophore, is enveloped by a basal lamina and attached to the body wall bymuscular fibres, appearing as a permanent structure. The spermatophore contains mature, filiform, spermatozoa, eachcomposed of acrosome, spiralized nucleus, connecting piece and flagellum. The complex acrosome is the predominantelement and forms the axis of the sperm. Most of the acrosome, is surrounded by two helixes, the external one is the nucleusand the internal one is a crystalline-like ribbon structure. The peculiar acrosome–nucleus complex, and the long connectingpiece appear as autapomorphies. The structural plans of the reproductive system and the spermatozoa support the currentsystematization of Xenodasyidae and provide evidence for a possible sperm transfer modality in these species.
76
165
172
Unusual spermatozoa and reproductive modalities of Xenodasys eknomios (Gastrotricha: Xenodasyidae) / Guidi, L.; Ferraguti, M.; Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Pierboni, L.; Balsamo, M.. - In: THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 1125-0003. - STAMPA. - 76:(2009), pp. 165-172.
Guidi, L.; Ferraguti, M.; Todaro, Mary Antonio Donatello; Pierboni, L.; Balsamo, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/622857
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