This study investigated the effects of a strain of the fungus Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimm.) Zare and Gams (Hypocreales: Ascomycota) on the aphid Schizaphis graminum (Rondani)(Hemiptera: Aphididae). The fungus was administered to fourth instar nymphs and to alate and apterous adult morphs as a ground rice-kernel formulation. This study showed that L. lecanii formulation affected the survival of the aphids and interacted differently with the studied morphs, the Lethal Time values being lower for alate compared to apterous morphs and nymphs. The treatment also caused a significant reduction in the fecundity of the three treated aphid groups. Histological analysis revealed that the hyphae invaded the host hemocoel of a limited number of alate and apterous morphs: the fungus only entered through the spiracles. Scanning Electron Microscope observations revealed that L. lecanii adhered to the body surface of both adults and nymphs without differentiation. In conclusion, the present study suggests that this strain might be a good candidate for a programme of biological control of S. graminum and other aphid species.

Effects of the fungus Lecanicillium lecanii on survival and reproduction of the aphid Schizaphis graminum / Ganassi, Sonia; Grazioso, Pasqualina; A., Moretti; Sabatini, Maria Agnese. - In: BIOCONTROL. - ISSN 1386-6141. - STAMPA. - 55:(2010), pp. 299-312. [10.1007/s10526-009-9250-9]

Effects of the fungus Lecanicillium lecanii on survival and reproduction of the aphid Schizaphis graminum.

GANASSI, Sonia;GRAZIOSO, Pasqualina;SABATINI, Maria Agnese
2010-01-01

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of a strain of the fungus Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimm.) Zare and Gams (Hypocreales: Ascomycota) on the aphid Schizaphis graminum (Rondani)(Hemiptera: Aphididae). The fungus was administered to fourth instar nymphs and to alate and apterous adult morphs as a ground rice-kernel formulation. This study showed that L. lecanii formulation affected the survival of the aphids and interacted differently with the studied morphs, the Lethal Time values being lower for alate compared to apterous morphs and nymphs. The treatment also caused a significant reduction in the fecundity of the three treated aphid groups. Histological analysis revealed that the hyphae invaded the host hemocoel of a limited number of alate and apterous morphs: the fungus only entered through the spiracles. Scanning Electron Microscope observations revealed that L. lecanii adhered to the body surface of both adults and nymphs without differentiation. In conclusion, the present study suggests that this strain might be a good candidate for a programme of biological control of S. graminum and other aphid species.
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Effects of the fungus Lecanicillium lecanii on survival and reproduction of the aphid Schizaphis graminum / Ganassi, Sonia; Grazioso, Pasqualina; A., Moretti; Sabatini, Maria Agnese. - In: BIOCONTROL. - ISSN 1386-6141. - STAMPA. - 55:(2010), pp. 299-312. [10.1007/s10526-009-9250-9]
Ganassi, Sonia; Grazioso, Pasqualina; A., Moretti; Sabatini, Maria Agnese
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/622856
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