Portal venous flow velocity (PFV) was measured with duplex-Doppler equipment in 50 normal subjects and in 117 patients with suspected chronic liver disease who showed no evidence of decompensation such as ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, jaundice or oesophageal bleeding. All the patients underwent percutaneous liver biopsy which demonstrated non-cirrhotic liver disease in 58 cases (CH-patients: steatosis 8, persistent chronic hepatitis 8, active chronic hepatitis 42) and liver cirrhosis in the other 59 cases (LC-patients). The normal subjects and the CH-patients had similar values of max-PFV and mean-PFV (max-PFV 26.7 +/- 3.2 and 25.7 +/- 3.4 cm/s respectively; mean-PFV 22.9 +/- 2.8 and 22.4 +/- 3.8 cm/s respectively). The LC-patients' values (max-PFV 19.3 +/- 3.5; mean-PFV 16.9 +/- 2.9) were significantly lower than those of the normal subjects (P less than 0.001) and of the CH-patients (P less than 0.001). Considering the normal max-PFV to be in the range 20-33.1 cm/s (mean +/- 2 s.d. of the normal subjects, 95% confidence limits), max-PFV was reduced in 0/50 normal subjects, 1/58 CH-patients and 39/59 LC-patients (66.1% sensitivity; 98.2% specificity). In conclusion, the duplex-Doppler measurement of PFV is of great interest in the diagnostic study of patients with suspected chronic compensated liver disease and in the early diagnosis of cirrhosis. A low max-PFV is a reliable pointer to liver cirrhosis, whereas a normal max-PFV indicates a non-cirrhotic liver disease but is less probative. Each centre should standardize normal PFV values in order to establish their own threshold value for diagnosing liver cirrhosis.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Titolo:||Duplex-Doppler assessment of cirrhosis in patients with chronic compensated liver disease|
|Autori:||G. Cioni; P. D'Alimonte; A. Cristani; P. Ventura; G. Abbati; E. Tincani; R. Romagnoli; E. Ventura|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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