Al2O3 coatings were manufactured by the high-velocity suspension ﬂame spraying (HVSFS) technique using a nanopowder suspension. Their structural and microstructural characteristics, micromechanical behavior, and tribological properties were studied and compared to conventional atmospheric plasma sprayed and high-velocity oxygen-fuel-sprayed Al2O3 coatings manufactured using commercially avail- able feedstock. The HVSFS process enables near full melting of the nanopowder particles, resulting in very small and well ﬂattened lamellae (thickness range 100 nm to 1 lm), almost free of transverse microcracking, with very few unmelted inclusions. Thus, porosity is much lower and pores are smaller than in conventional coatings. Moreover, few interlamellar or intralamellar cracks exist, resulting in reduced pore interconnectivity (evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy). Such strong interlamellar cohesion favors much better dry sliding wear resistance at room temperature and at 400 °C.
Microstructural and Tribological Investigation of High-Velocity Suspension Flame Sprayed (HVSFS) Al2O3 Coatings / Bolelli, Giovanni; Johannes, Rauch; Cannillo, Valeria; Andreas, Killinger; Lusvarghi, Luca; Rainer, Gadow. - In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL SPRAY TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1059-9630. - STAMPA. - 18:(2009), pp. 35-49. [10.1007/s11666-008-9279-9]