The M80A variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c (cytc), which features a non-coordinating Ala residue in place of the axial heme iron Met ligand, was chemisorbed on a gold electrode coated with 4-mercaptopyridine or carboxyalkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAM), and investigated by cyclic voltammetry at varying conditions of temperature, pH and O2 concentration. The E°’ value of M80A cytc on both SAMs is of approximately -200 mV (vs. SHE) at pH 7, which is more than 400 mV lower than that of native cytochrome c in the same conditions. The thermodynamics of Fe(III) to Fe(II) reduction and the kinetics of heterogeneous ET are dominated by the presence of an hydroxide ion as sixth axial heme iron ligand above pH 6. On both SAMs, protonation of the bound hydroxide ion is the main responsible for the changes in these parameters at low pH, since the distances of ET between the heme and the electrode are found to be independent of pH in the range 5-11. The invariance of the electrochemical features up to pH 11 indicates that no changes in heme iron coordination occur at high pH, at variance with native cytc. Most notably, immobilized M80A cytc is found to act as an efficient biocatalyst for O2 reduction from pH 5 to 11.0. This finding makes M80A cytc a suitable candidate as a constituent of a biocatalytic interface for O2 biosensing and sets the premises for the exploitation of engineered cytochrome c in the bio-based detection of chemicals of environmental and clinical interest.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Electron Transfer and Electrocatalytic Properties of the Immobilized Methionine80Alanine Cytochrome c Variant|
|Autori:||Casalini, Stefano; Battistuzzi, Gianantonio; Borsari, Marco; Bortolotti, Carlo Augusto; Ranieri, Antonio; Sola, Marco|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp0765953|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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