The electroreductive behaviour of CrO3 +H2SO4 aqueous solution is studied on poly-crystalline iron and copper cathodes. Theelectrochemical results have been also compared with XPS, AFM and SEM findings collected ‘‘ex situ’’ on emersed electrodes andan electrochemical mechanism featuring adsorbed Cr(IV) and Cr(III) species is proposed. In the case of iron a main role is played bythe passive state of the electrodic surface caused by the presence of a protective mixed iron/chromium oxide layer and by its electrochemicaldissolution. This passive to active transition of the electrodic surface and the occurrence of an irreversible reductivecurrent peak, in a potential range where the deposition of metallic chromium does not yet occur, suggests that the electrodic surfaceplays an active role in the electrochemical process. A major difference is found between Fe and Cu cathodes, concerning the kineticmechanism of formation of adsorbed species.

On the electroreduction of Cr(VI) aqueous solutions on iron and copper cathodes / Giovanardi, Roberto; E., Soragni; Fontanesi, Claudio; DE RENZI, Valentina; DEL PENNINO, Umberto; M. L., Foresti. - In: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1572-6657. - STAMPA. - 576(2005), pp. 243-252.

On the electroreduction of Cr(VI) aqueous solutions on iron and copper cathodes

GIOVANARDI, Roberto;FONTANESI, Claudio;DE RENZI, Valentina;DEL PENNINO, Umberto;
2005

Abstract

The electroreductive behaviour of CrO3 +H2SO4 aqueous solution is studied on poly-crystalline iron and copper cathodes. Theelectrochemical results have been also compared with XPS, AFM and SEM findings collected ‘‘ex situ’’ on emersed electrodes andan electrochemical mechanism featuring adsorbed Cr(IV) and Cr(III) species is proposed. In the case of iron a main role is played bythe passive state of the electrodic surface caused by the presence of a protective mixed iron/chromium oxide layer and by its electrochemicaldissolution. This passive to active transition of the electrodic surface and the occurrence of an irreversible reductivecurrent peak, in a potential range where the deposition of metallic chromium does not yet occur, suggests that the electrodic surfaceplays an active role in the electrochemical process. A major difference is found between Fe and Cu cathodes, concerning the kineticmechanism of formation of adsorbed species.
576
243
252
On the electroreduction of Cr(VI) aqueous solutions on iron and copper cathodes / Giovanardi, Roberto; E., Soragni; Fontanesi, Claudio; DE RENZI, Valentina; DEL PENNINO, Umberto; M. L., Foresti. - In: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1572-6657. - STAMPA. - 576(2005), pp. 243-252.
Giovanardi, Roberto; E., Soragni; Fontanesi, Claudio; DE RENZI, Valentina; DEL PENNINO, Umberto; M. L., Foresti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/613085
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