The Philadelphia (Ph1) chromosome is found in the majority of patients affected by chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), being considered the hallmark of the disease, but around 5-8% of patients diagnosed as CML lack the Ph1 chromosome-negative (Ph-) CML has been discussed extensively in the literature because of its heterogeneity. However, it is now accepted that some of the Ph1-CML patients have a disease indistinguishable from Ph1-positive (Ph+) CML. It was investigated whether Ph- CML with clinical and morphological features indicating true CML would always have bcr rearrangements, as the relocation of c-abl from 9q34 into the breakpoint cluster region on 22q11 is considered a crucial event in the pathogenesis of CML. From molecular studies, it seemed that Ph- CML with features of true CML always have the bcr rearrangement, while Ph- patients, lacking such rearrangement, have atypical forms of CML. Here we describe 8 Ph- CML and myeloproliferative syndrome (MPS) patients of whom 6 were by all respects true CML cases. Nevertheless, bcr rearrangement and expression of the classic bcr/abl chimeric mRNA was found in only 1 of the 6 patients. More advanced molecular techniques will be needed to understand which molecular mechanisms underlie Ph-, bcr- CML, resulting in phenotypes sometimes indistinguishable from Ph+, bcr+ CML.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Titolo:||Chronic myelogenous leukemia with typical clinical and morphological features can be Philadelphia chromosome negative and "bcr negative".|
|Autori:||Selleri L; Emilia G; Luppi M; Temperani P; Zucchini P; Tagliafico E; Artusi T; Sarti M; Donelli A; Castoldi GL; et al.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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