Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) is an anionic tenside widely utilized in commercial topical preparations that may cause skin irritation. It has been shown that the barrier damage caused by SLS in vivo is lower when SLS is used in combination with other tensides which are able to reduce the critical micelle concentration (CIVIC). The aim of our study was to evaluate if the cytotoxic effect of SLS is reduced by the association with different tensides also at concentrations well below the CIVIC. Normal human keratinocytes from plastic surgery were grown in serum-free medium. At subconfluency, the cells were treated with SLS at a dose of 0.0025% in combination with cocamidopropyl betaine, Tween 20 and Tween 80 at the minimum toxic dose. Following tenside treatment, the culture medium was changed, and after 24 h the cells were collected for H-3-thymidine incorporation, the MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay and neutral red (NR) uptake. The cytotoxic effect on normal human keratinocytes, as evaluated by 3H-thymidine incorporation, MTT assay and NR uptake, was significantly decreased by the combination with all the tested tensides. The correlation between cytotoxicity and physical properties was also studied by a conductimetric assay to investigate the mechanism involved in this toxicity reduction. Copyright

Decrease in toxic potential of mixed tensides maintained below the critical micelle concentration: An in vitro study / Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Magnoni, Cristina; Rinaldi, M; Fontanesi, Claudio; Seidenari, Stefania. - In: SKIN PHARMACOLOGY AND APPLIED SKIN PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1422-2868. - STAMPA. - 16:(2003), pp. 156-164.

Decrease in toxic potential of mixed tensides maintained below the critical micelle concentration: An in vitro study

BENASSI, Luisa;BERTAZZONI, Giorgia;MAGNONI, Cristina;FONTANESI, Claudio;SEIDENARI, Stefania
2003

Abstract

Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) is an anionic tenside widely utilized in commercial topical preparations that may cause skin irritation. It has been shown that the barrier damage caused by SLS in vivo is lower when SLS is used in combination with other tensides which are able to reduce the critical micelle concentration (CIVIC). The aim of our study was to evaluate if the cytotoxic effect of SLS is reduced by the association with different tensides also at concentrations well below the CIVIC. Normal human keratinocytes from plastic surgery were grown in serum-free medium. At subconfluency, the cells were treated with SLS at a dose of 0.0025% in combination with cocamidopropyl betaine, Tween 20 and Tween 80 at the minimum toxic dose. Following tenside treatment, the culture medium was changed, and after 24 h the cells were collected for H-3-thymidine incorporation, the MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay and neutral red (NR) uptake. The cytotoxic effect on normal human keratinocytes, as evaluated by 3H-thymidine incorporation, MTT assay and NR uptake, was significantly decreased by the combination with all the tested tensides. The correlation between cytotoxicity and physical properties was also studied by a conductimetric assay to investigate the mechanism involved in this toxicity reduction. Copyright
16
156
164
Decrease in toxic potential of mixed tensides maintained below the critical micelle concentration: An in vitro study / Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Magnoni, Cristina; Rinaldi, M; Fontanesi, Claudio; Seidenari, Stefania. - In: SKIN PHARMACOLOGY AND APPLIED SKIN PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1422-2868. - STAMPA. - 16:(2003), pp. 156-164.
Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Magnoni, Cristina; Rinaldi, M; Fontanesi, Claudio; Seidenari, Stefania
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/613045
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