Expression of the albumin gene in the liver is controlled by several liver-enriched transcription factors. However, the mechanisms which contribute to its regulation during pathophysiological states, such as liver regeneration, are still little understood. In the present study we found that during liver regeneration downregulation of albumin mRNA expression is transcriptionally controlled through a minimal element (nucleotide -170 to +22) of the albumin promoter and is observed mainly during the G(1) phase of the cell cycle, while high levels of albumin expression are preserved at later time points, Decreased albumin mRNA levels correlate with a dramatic increase in nuclear expression of C/EBP-beta/LAP, a protein known to bind to the D site of the albumin promoter and also to be involved in cell cycle control. In contrast, nuclear expression of other factors such as HNF-1 or C/EBP-alpha, which also have been shown to transcriptionally control albumin expression, is either unchanged or slightly decreased. We show that pre- and post-translational mechanisms are involved in the higher nuclear expression of C/EBP-beta/LAP as early as 1 h after hepatectomy, which also leads to ifs increased binding toward the D site of the albumin promoter. Finally, in vitro transcription assays with liver nuclear extracts and recombinant C/EBP-beta/LAP demonstrate that C/EBP-beta/LAP can directly down-regulate transcription mediated by the minimal element of the albumin promoter. Additionally the inhibitory role of C/EBP-beta/LAP on the albumin minimal promoter could be confirmed by transfection experiments in hepatoma cells. These results indicate that C/EBP-beta/LAP, while enhancing transcription of cell cycle-related genes and controlling G(1)/S phase checkpoint, down-regulates a major liver function, i.e. albumin synthesis, to prepare the hepatocyte for entry into the cell cycle.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||C/EBP-beta/LAP controls down-regulation of albumin gene transcription during liver regeneration|
|Autori:||Trautwein C; Rakemann T; Pietrangelo A; Plumpe J; Montosi G; Mann MP|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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