Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are microscopic clusters of altered colonic crypts considered premalignant lesions in the large bowel. Genomic instability at short tandem repeats in the DNA, referred to as microsatellite instability (MSI) is the hallmark of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) caused by mutations in DNA mismatch-repair genes, mostly hMLH1 and LMSH2. In this study, we evaluated for MSI ACF (n = 16), adenomas (n = 18), carcinomas (n = 22), and lymph node metastases (n = 3) from 17 patients with colorectal cancer positive for MSI, Ten patients were members of HNPCC families; 7 patients had no family history of cancer. MSI was found in 7 of 7 (100%) ACF and 11 of 12 (91%) adenomas from patients with HNPCC, MSI was not related to histology and size of ACF. A progressive increase in instability as estimated by the number of shifted bands was observed along the ACF-adenoma-carcinoma sequence, In contrast, two of nine (228) ACF and none of six adenomas from patients with MSI sporadic carcinoma were unstable at microsatellite loci. hMLH1 or hMSH2 protein expression was altered only in MSI-positive premalignant lesions (ACF and/or adenomas), but not in all MSI-positive lesions in patients with HNPCC. These observations provide evidence of the premalignant nature of ACF in HNPCC and suggest that MSI is a very early event both in HNPCC and in sporadic colorectal carcinogenesis, although in the latter it seems infrequent.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Microsatellite instability and mismatch-repair protein expression in hereditary and sporadic colorectal carcinogenesis|
|Autori:||Pedroni M; Sala E; Scarselli A; Borghi F; Menigatti M; Benatti P; Percesepe A; Rossi G; Foroni M; Losi L; Di Gregorio C; De Pol A; Nascimbeni R; Di Betta E; Salerni B; Ponz de Leon M; Roncucci L|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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