Results are presented from archaeocarpological analyses carried out in ‘The Mirror Pit’, a rectangular pit, situated in the city of Ferrara, in Emilia Romagna - Northern Italy. The study is part of wider research focused on the Mediaeval period of this city. The pit belongs to a building which was in use from the second half of 14th to the end of 15th century A.D. The pit itself was filled with domestic rubbish during a few years in the middle of the 15th century. The layers were preserved by waterlogging and are therefore extraordinarily rich in organic remains and artifacts, among which was the beautiful spherical mirror which gave its name to the pit. Approximately 256,000 well-preserved seeds and fruits belonging to 98 species or carpological types were identified in 12 litres of sediment from the different layers. Ficus carica, Brassica rapa subsp. rapa/subsp. sylvestris and Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera prevailed. Many cultivated plants and weeds were present, together with a smaller number of wild plants of wet environments and woodlands. Altogether they provided much new information on the diet (cultivated and wild fruits, cereals and pulses, vegetables, spices and medicinal/fibre/oil plants) of the middle to upper class inhabitants of a city in Northern Italy during the Renaissance period. The records also yielded evidence of domestic activities such as winemaking, oil making, mustard making and other kitchen practices.

Plant use in a city in Northern Italy during the Late Medieval and Reinaissance periods: results of the archaeobotanical investigation of "The Mirror Pit" (14th - 15 th century A.D.) in Ferrara / Mazzanti, Marta; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria; C. A., Accorsi; C., Guarnieri. - In: VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. - ISSN 0939-6314. - STAMPA. - 14 (4)(2005), pp. 442-452. [10.10077/s00334-005-0082-Y]

Plant use in a city in Northern Italy during the Late Medieval and Reinaissance periods: results of the archaeobotanical investigation of "The Mirror Pit" (14th - 15 th century A.D.) in Ferrara

MAZZANTI, Marta;BOSI, Giovanna;MERCURI, Anna Maria;
2005

Abstract

Results are presented from archaeocarpological analyses carried out in ‘The Mirror Pit’, a rectangular pit, situated in the city of Ferrara, in Emilia Romagna - Northern Italy. The study is part of wider research focused on the Mediaeval period of this city. The pit belongs to a building which was in use from the second half of 14th to the end of 15th century A.D. The pit itself was filled with domestic rubbish during a few years in the middle of the 15th century. The layers were preserved by waterlogging and are therefore extraordinarily rich in organic remains and artifacts, among which was the beautiful spherical mirror which gave its name to the pit. Approximately 256,000 well-preserved seeds and fruits belonging to 98 species or carpological types were identified in 12 litres of sediment from the different layers. Ficus carica, Brassica rapa subsp. rapa/subsp. sylvestris and Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera prevailed. Many cultivated plants and weeds were present, together with a smaller number of wild plants of wet environments and woodlands. Altogether they provided much new information on the diet (cultivated and wild fruits, cereals and pulses, vegetables, spices and medicinal/fibre/oil plants) of the middle to upper class inhabitants of a city in Northern Italy during the Renaissance period. The records also yielded evidence of domestic activities such as winemaking, oil making, mustard making and other kitchen practices.
14 (4)
442
452
Plant use in a city in Northern Italy during the Late Medieval and Reinaissance periods: results of the archaeobotanical investigation of "The Mirror Pit" (14th - 15 th century A.D.) in Ferrara / Mazzanti, Marta; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria; C. A., Accorsi; C., Guarnieri. - In: VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. - ISSN 0939-6314. - STAMPA. - 14 (4)(2005), pp. 442-452. [10.10077/s00334-005-0082-Y]
Mazzanti, Marta; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria; C. A., Accorsi; C., Guarnieri
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/612884
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