The peripheral benzodiazepine receptor system triggers intracellular metabolic events and has been associated with cell proliferation. Its endogenous ligand, the diazepam binding inhibitor, contributes to steroidogenesis by promoting cholesterol delivery to the inner mitochondrial membrane. The present study was undertaken to verify whether this system is altered in tumors sited in the liver. Peripheral benzodiazepine receptors and diazepam binding inhibitor were studied using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization in 9 human tumors sited in the liver, in liver hyperplasia, cirrhotic nodular regeneration, intestinal adenocarcinoma and in surrounding non-tumoral tissue. Immunocytochemical staining and in situ hybridization demonstrated that peripheral benzodiazepine receptors and diazepam binding inhibitor were more prominently expressed in neoplastic cells than in non-tumoral tissue. They were present in the same cells, suggesting that diazepam binding inhibitor may act in an intracrine manner in these cells. Higher peripheral benzodiazepine receptors and diazepam binding inhibitor expression in tumor cells suggest an implication of this system in the metabolism of neoplastic cells. Furthermore the evaluation of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor and diazepam binding inhibitor expression might be useful in evaluating malignancy and in diagnostic approaches of tumors in liver tissue.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Increased expression of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors and diazepam binding inhibitor in human tumors sited in the liver|
|Autori:||I. Venturini; H. Alho; I. Podkletnova; L. Corsi; E. Rybnikova; R. Pellicci; M. Baraldi; M. Pelto-Huikko; P. Helen; ML Zeneroli|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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