The influence of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB; 10, 50 or 100 mg/kg orally) and of its receptor antagonist, NCS-382 (25, 100 or 200 mg/kg orally, and 100 or 200 mg/kg intraperitoneally), on gastric emptying was studied in rats by measuring the serum level of acetaminophen (20 mg/rat orally, 30 min after GHB or NCS-382) 15, 30, 45 and 60 min after acetaminophen administration, or the amount of acetaminophen still present in the stomach 30 min after its administration. The highest dose of GHB produced a significant increase in 15 and 30 min serum levels of acetaminophen, indicating an acceleration of gastric emptying. A similar result was obtained with the prokinetic drug cisapride, at the oral dose of 2 mg/kg. On the other hand, NCS-382 significantly and dose-dependently reduced the serum levels of acetaminophen at every time of blood sampling, indicating a delay of gastric emptying, an effect confirmed by the amount of acetaminophen still present in the stomach 30 min after administration. Moreover, NCS-382 antagonized the prokinetic effect of GHB. These results may suggest for GHB (and/or possibly for its metabolites) a role in rat stomach motility.

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate increases gastric emptying in rats / Poggioli, Rosanna; Vitale, Giovanni; G., Colombo; Ottani, Alessandra; Bertolini, Alfio. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 64:(1999), pp. 2149-2154.

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate increases gastric emptying in rats

POGGIOLI, Rosanna;VITALE, Giovanni;OTTANI, Alessandra;BERTOLINI, Alfio
1999

Abstract

The influence of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB; 10, 50 or 100 mg/kg orally) and of its receptor antagonist, NCS-382 (25, 100 or 200 mg/kg orally, and 100 or 200 mg/kg intraperitoneally), on gastric emptying was studied in rats by measuring the serum level of acetaminophen (20 mg/rat orally, 30 min after GHB or NCS-382) 15, 30, 45 and 60 min after acetaminophen administration, or the amount of acetaminophen still present in the stomach 30 min after its administration. The highest dose of GHB produced a significant increase in 15 and 30 min serum levels of acetaminophen, indicating an acceleration of gastric emptying. A similar result was obtained with the prokinetic drug cisapride, at the oral dose of 2 mg/kg. On the other hand, NCS-382 significantly and dose-dependently reduced the serum levels of acetaminophen at every time of blood sampling, indicating a delay of gastric emptying, an effect confirmed by the amount of acetaminophen still present in the stomach 30 min after administration. Moreover, NCS-382 antagonized the prokinetic effect of GHB. These results may suggest for GHB (and/or possibly for its metabolites) a role in rat stomach motility.
64
2149
2154
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate increases gastric emptying in rats / Poggioli, Rosanna; Vitale, Giovanni; G., Colombo; Ottani, Alessandra; Bertolini, Alfio. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 64:(1999), pp. 2149-2154.
Poggioli, Rosanna; Vitale, Giovanni; G., Colombo; Ottani, Alessandra; Bertolini, Alfio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/612588
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