Allopregnanolone, a neuroactive steroid, increases during pubertal development and high concentrations are present in subjects with precocious puberty. The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum allopregnanolone levels in girls with precocious pubarche (PP). Basal gonadotropins and steroid hormones were assessed in 17 girls with PP, 22 girls with central precocious puberty (CPP), 25 girls with normal puberty at the same pubertal stage of CPP ones, and 17 prepubertal girls. Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation tests were performed in all subjects with PP, and in 12 out of 22 with CPP All girls with normal puberty underwent to GnRH test, while ACTH test was performed in 17 out of 25. Basal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) concentrations resulted significantly higher in PP and normal pubertal girls than in prepubertal ones. Allopregnanolone, gonadotropins and estradiol levels were significantly lower in PP group with respect to CPP (P < 0.05), while they were comparable among PP, normal pubertal and prepubertal groups. After ACTH administration, allopregnanolone concentrations significantly increased in all groups (P < 0.05). After GnRH stimulation, its levels significantly increased in CPP and normal pubertal controls (P < 0.05), while no incremental rise was found in PP girls. In conclusion, our study shows that in girls with PP basal and GnRH-stimulated levels of allopregnanolone are significantly lower than in CPP girls. These data suggest that this neurosteroid may be considered a new marker of pubertal development.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Low serum allopregnanolone levels in girls with precocious pubarche|
|Autori:||Iughetti L; Predieri B; Luisi S; Casarosa E; Bernasconi S; Petraglia F|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.steroids.2005.03.014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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