We investigate the evolution of the legal institution of citizenship from a political economy perspective. We first present a median voter model of citizenship laws determination. Next we test the implications of the model on a new dataset on citizenship laws across countries of the world. We show that citizenship laws have responded endogenously to economic and institutional determinants. When facing increasing immigration, countries with a jus soli tradition tend to restrict their legislation, while jus sanguinis countries resist innovation. The welfare burden proves not to be an obstacle for a jus soli legislation, while demographicstagnation encourages it. A high degree of democracy promotes the adoption of jus soli elements, while the instability of state borders determined by decolonization impedes it. Religion and ethnic diversity have no residual impact.

The Evolution of Citizenship: Economic and Institutional Determinants / Bertocchi, Graziella; Strozzi, Chiara. - In: THE JOURNAL OF LAW & ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0022-2186. - STAMPA. - 53:(2010), pp. 95-136. [10.1086/600080]

The Evolution of Citizenship: Economic and Institutional Determinants

BERTOCCHI, Graziella;STROZZI, Chiara
2010

Abstract

We investigate the evolution of the legal institution of citizenship from a political economy perspective. We first present a median voter model of citizenship laws determination. Next we test the implications of the model on a new dataset on citizenship laws across countries of the world. We show that citizenship laws have responded endogenously to economic and institutional determinants. When facing increasing immigration, countries with a jus soli tradition tend to restrict their legislation, while jus sanguinis countries resist innovation. The welfare burden proves not to be an obstacle for a jus soli legislation, while demographicstagnation encourages it. A high degree of democracy promotes the adoption of jus soli elements, while the instability of state borders determined by decolonization impedes it. Religion and ethnic diversity have no residual impact.
2010
53
95
136
The Evolution of Citizenship: Economic and Institutional Determinants / Bertocchi, Graziella; Strozzi, Chiara. - In: THE JOURNAL OF LAW & ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0022-2186. - STAMPA. - 53:(2010), pp. 95-136. [10.1086/600080]
Bertocchi, Graziella; Strozzi, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/612479
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