Dithranol (D) is used as a therapeutic topical agent to treat psoriasis, although it produces inflammation and staining of skin and clothing. D-induced irritation has been evaluated by visual scoring and by bioengineering techniques, evidencing modifications of the inflammatory parameters, but no alterations of the skin barrier. The aim of our study was to evaluate the irritant reactions induced by D using ultrasound, and to compare the B-scanning data with visual assessments and colorimetric measurements. 13 healthy women underwent 2, 3-h patch tests with, respectively, 0.02% and 0.1% D in white petrolatum and 1 24-h patch test with 2% sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). For assessing skin reactions, clinical judgement, colorimetry and echography were employed. Echographic images were evaluated by skin thickness measurements and segmentation procedures, using an 0-30 interval, marking the hyporeflecting areas in the dermis, and a 201-255 interval, assessing the hyperreflecting components of the image (both epidermal and dermal). In all subjects, D produced uniform reactions, the intensity varying according to concentration. Both echographic parameters of inflammation (skin thickness and 0-30 areas) showed an increase at all times of assessment. The 201-255D/0-30 pixel ratio, describing the distribution of dermal edema, indicated that strong inflammatory reactions, such as those caused by the application of 0.1% D, are accompanied by edema in the lower portion of the dermis. Finally, in contrast to SLS reactions, where a 24-h reduction in epidermal reflectivity was observable, D reactions appeared with an accentuation of the 201-255 epidermal band at 24-96-h examinations.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Ultrasound description and quantification of irritant reactions induced by dithranol at different concentrations - a comparison with visual assessment and colorimetric measurements|
|Autori:||M.E. Schiavi; B. Belletti; S. Seidenari|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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