This study demonstrates that oxidative stress induced in rat thymocytes by the hydrophilic 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH), the lipophilic cumene hydroperoxide (CumOOH) and the freely diffusible H2O2 is associated with an activation of facilitative glucose transport rate, mediated by GLUT1, the major transporter in this cell type. We compared the effects of the three tested radical sources on the kinetic transport parameters, showing that the transport rate enhancement in the treated cells can be ascribed to an increase in the V-max value, apart from the site of generation of the oxidative stress. The enhancement of glucose transport by the three oxidants in thymocytes was significantly attenuated both by protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors as genistein and tyrphostin A23 and by U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Genistein and U73122 reversed also the cited increase of V-max values. It is concluded that the stimulation of glucose transport in response to different oxidants is mediated, at least in part, through reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced stimulation of protein tyrosine kinase and phospholipase C pathways.

Enhancement of glucose transport in rat thymocytes by different radical sources / G., Hakim; D., Fiorentini; Maraldi, Tullia; L., Landi. - In: FREE RADICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1071-5762. - STAMPA. - 37(2003), pp. 197-204.

Enhancement of glucose transport in rat thymocytes by different radical sources

MARALDI, Tullia;
2003

Abstract

This study demonstrates that oxidative stress induced in rat thymocytes by the hydrophilic 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH), the lipophilic cumene hydroperoxide (CumOOH) and the freely diffusible H2O2 is associated with an activation of facilitative glucose transport rate, mediated by GLUT1, the major transporter in this cell type. We compared the effects of the three tested radical sources on the kinetic transport parameters, showing that the transport rate enhancement in the treated cells can be ascribed to an increase in the V-max value, apart from the site of generation of the oxidative stress. The enhancement of glucose transport by the three oxidants in thymocytes was significantly attenuated both by protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors as genistein and tyrphostin A23 and by U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Genistein and U73122 reversed also the cited increase of V-max values. It is concluded that the stimulation of glucose transport in response to different oxidants is mediated, at least in part, through reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced stimulation of protein tyrosine kinase and phospholipase C pathways.
37
197
204
Enhancement of glucose transport in rat thymocytes by different radical sources / G., Hakim; D., Fiorentini; Maraldi, Tullia; L., Landi. - In: FREE RADICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1071-5762. - STAMPA. - 37(2003), pp. 197-204.
G., Hakim; D., Fiorentini; Maraldi, Tullia; L., Landi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/612200
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