Background & Aims: Hepatic iron toxicity may be mediated by free radical species and lipid peroxidation of biological membranes. The antioxidant property of silybin, a main constituent of natural flavonoids, was investigated in vivo during experimental iron overload. Methods: Rats were fed a 2.5% carbonyl-iron diet and 100 mg . kg body wt(-1). day(-1) silybin for 4 months and were assayed for accumulation of hepatic lipid peroxidation by-products by immunocytochemistry, mitochondrial energy-dependent functions, and mitochondrial malondialdehyde content. Results: Iron overload caused a dramatic accumulation of malondialdehyde-protein adducts into iron-filled periportal hepatocytes that was decreased appreciably by silybin treatment. The same beneficial effect of silybin was found on the iron-induced accumulation of malondialdehyde in mitochondria. As to the liver functional efficiency, mitochondrial energy wasting and tissue adenosine triphosphate depletion induced by iron overload were successfully counteracted by silybin. Conclusions:Oral administration of silybin protects against iron-induced hepatic toxicity in vivo. This effect seems to be caused by the prominent antioxidant activity of this compound.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||Antioxidant activity of silybin in vivo during long-term iron overload in rodents|
|Autori:||A. PIETRANGELO; F. BORELLA; G. CASALGRANDI; G. MONTOSI; D. CECCARELLI; D. GALLESI; F. GIOVANNINI; A. GASPARETTO; A. MASINI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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