Twenty-five patients with overt clinical and biochemical findings of porphyria cutanea tarda took part in a study comparing intensive phlebotomy with slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine treatment. Fifteen male patients (Group A) had intensive venesection therapy. Ten patients (Group B) with associated diseases (minor thalassemia, cardiovascular impairment, pulmonary tuberculosis or severe liver cirrhosis) received 1.5 g of desferrioxamine by slow subcutaneous infusion using an automatic syringe pump 5 days a week. No patient complained of appreciable side effects. Serum iron, ferritin and uroporphyrins were normalized in all subjects by the end of treatment. The mean time necessary for complete recovery was 13.8 months (range 9-19) and 11.2 months (range 6-14) in Groups A and B, respectively. Liver function significantly improved during and after the treatments in both groups. We conclude that recovery from porphyria cutanea tarda can be achieved equally well using phlebotomy or desferrioxamine subcutaneous infusion. Phlebotomy is easily performed and remains the treatment of choice; slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine treatment, although expensive, is recommended when severe associated diseases contra-indicate venesection.

Iron removal therapy in porphyria cutanea tarda: phlebotomy versus slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine infusion / Rocchi, Emilio; Gibertini, P.; Cassanelli, M.; Pietrangelo, Antonello; Borghi, A.; Pantaleoni, M.; Jensen, J.; Ventura, Ezio. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-0963. - STAMPA. - 114(5):(1986), pp. 621-629.

Iron removal therapy in porphyria cutanea tarda: phlebotomy versus slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine infusion

ROCCHI, Emilio;PIETRANGELO, Antonello;VENTURA, Ezio
1986

Abstract

Twenty-five patients with overt clinical and biochemical findings of porphyria cutanea tarda took part in a study comparing intensive phlebotomy with slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine treatment. Fifteen male patients (Group A) had intensive venesection therapy. Ten patients (Group B) with associated diseases (minor thalassemia, cardiovascular impairment, pulmonary tuberculosis or severe liver cirrhosis) received 1.5 g of desferrioxamine by slow subcutaneous infusion using an automatic syringe pump 5 days a week. No patient complained of appreciable side effects. Serum iron, ferritin and uroporphyrins were normalized in all subjects by the end of treatment. The mean time necessary for complete recovery was 13.8 months (range 9-19) and 11.2 months (range 6-14) in Groups A and B, respectively. Liver function significantly improved during and after the treatments in both groups. We conclude that recovery from porphyria cutanea tarda can be achieved equally well using phlebotomy or desferrioxamine subcutaneous infusion. Phlebotomy is easily performed and remains the treatment of choice; slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine treatment, although expensive, is recommended when severe associated diseases contra-indicate venesection.
114(5)
621
629
Iron removal therapy in porphyria cutanea tarda: phlebotomy versus slow subcutaneous desferrioxamine infusion / Rocchi, Emilio; Gibertini, P.; Cassanelli, M.; Pietrangelo, Antonello; Borghi, A.; Pantaleoni, M.; Jensen, J.; Ventura, Ezio. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-0963. - STAMPA. - 114(5):(1986), pp. 621-629.
Rocchi, Emilio; Gibertini, P.; Cassanelli, M.; Pietrangelo, Antonello; Borghi, A.; Pantaleoni, M.; Jensen, J.; Ventura, Ezio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/612059
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