The aim of this in vitro study is to evaluate the potentiality of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) to separate information on density, elasticity, and structure on specimens of trabecular bone. Fifteen cylinders of spongy bone extracted from equine vertebrae were progressively demineralized and subjected to QUS, micro computed tomography (mu CT), Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at various mineralization levels. Eventually all cylinders underwent a compression test to calculate the Young's modulus. Correlation analysis shows that speed of sound (SOS) is strictly associated to bone mineral density (BMD), Young's modulus, and all mu CT parameters except for degree of anisotropy (DA). Fast wave amplitude (FWA) is directly correlated with bone surface and total volume ratio (BS/TV) and trabecular separation (Tb Sp), and inversely correlated with trabecular number (Tb N). Because mu CT parameters were strictly correlated to BMD and Young's modulus data, partial correlation analysis was performed between SOS, FWA, and structural and elastic data in order to eliminate the effect of density. SOS was significantly correlated to bone volume and total volume ratio (BV/TV), BS/TV, and Young's modulus, and FWA was significantly correlated to Tb Sp only. These results show that SOS is strongly influenced by volumetric mineral bone density and elastic modulus of the specimen, and FWA is mainly affected by trabecular separation independently on density. Therefore, SOS and FWA are able to provide different and complementary information, at least on trabecular bone samples.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Influence of density, elasticity, and structure on ultrasound transmission through trabecular bone cylinders|
|Autore/i:||Francesco Cavani; Gianluca Giavaresi; Milena Fini; Laura Bertoni; Francesca de Terlizzi; Reinhard Barkmann; Valerio Cane'|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000257386000007|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-47849128125|
|Citazione:||Influence of density, elasticity, and structure on ultrasound transmission through trabecular bone cylinders / Francesco Cavani; Gianluca Giavaresi; Milena Fini; Laura Bertoni; Francesca de Terlizzi; Reinhard Barkmann; Valerio Cane'. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS FERROELECTRICS AND FREQUENCY CONTROL. - ISSN 0885-3010. - STAMPA. - 55(7)(2008), pp. 1465-1472.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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