The occurrence of circulating antibodies (IgG) against oxidatively modified LDL was investigated in a group of normocholesterolemic, healthy, cardiovascular risk-free children and in a comparable group of normal adults. An increased titer of IgG recognizing Cu++-oxidized or malondialdehyde (MDA)-derivatized LDL (MDA-LDL) was a constant feature in children. The antigenic epitopes recognized by these antibodies were generated rather late in the process of copper-mediated LDL oxidation, concomitantly with the formation of fluorescent adducts between reactive aldehydes (including MDA) and apo B100, MDA-LDL was not the only antigen recognized: derivatization of other structurally unrelated proteins, such as HDL, serum albumin, fibrinogen, and transferrin with MDA led to generation of recognizable epitopes. However, among the various modified proteins, LDL exhibited the highest binding activity for IgG present in the group of children. This was associated with an enhanced propensity of LDL isolated from children to undergo in vitro oxidation, despite normal levels of the endogenous antioxidant alpha-tocopherol. These findings indicate that circulating antibodies recognizing proteins modified with end-products of lipid peroxidation (including LDL) are present in healthy cardiovascular risk-free children. The possibility that LDL oxidation occurs in vivo already in childhood and may act as the real immunogen is an attractive but still unproven hypothesis.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Circulating antibodies recognizing oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein in children|
|Autori:||Iughetti L; Volta C; Maggi E; Palladini G; Perugini C; Bellomo G; Bernasconi S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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