Obesity is associated with increased all-cause mortality rate and even small weight losses can be associated with short-term reduction in risk factors for disease. There is strong evidence that weight loss in obese subjects improves risk factors for diabetes and cardiac vascular diseases.Metabolic syndrome (MS) in adults is defined as a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which include abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. Application of the MS concept in children and adolescents is controversial, in fact no consensus exists on a specific definition for pediatric MS. Lack of consensus is in part due to body evolution associated with childhood and puberty that is related to changes in metabolic and clinical characteristics. Aim of this article is to try to clarify the differences between MS as a concept and MS as a diagnosis category as well as to develop a theory related to its pathophysiology. We comment the relationship between obesity, regional fat distribution and MS and finally we offer some insights MS methodological approach for estimating metabolic risk-factor clustering in children and adolescents.

Metabolic Syndrome: a child is not a small adult / A., Pietrobelli; Malavolti, Marcella; Battistini, Nino Carlo; N., Fuiano. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. - ISSN 1747-7166. - STAMPA. - 3(1):(2008), pp. 67-71.

Metabolic Syndrome: a child is not a small adult

MALAVOLTI, Marcella;BATTISTINI, Nino Carlo;
2008

Abstract

Obesity is associated with increased all-cause mortality rate and even small weight losses can be associated with short-term reduction in risk factors for disease. There is strong evidence that weight loss in obese subjects improves risk factors for diabetes and cardiac vascular diseases.Metabolic syndrome (MS) in adults is defined as a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which include abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. Application of the MS concept in children and adolescents is controversial, in fact no consensus exists on a specific definition for pediatric MS. Lack of consensus is in part due to body evolution associated with childhood and puberty that is related to changes in metabolic and clinical characteristics. Aim of this article is to try to clarify the differences between MS as a concept and MS as a diagnosis category as well as to develop a theory related to its pathophysiology. We comment the relationship between obesity, regional fat distribution and MS and finally we offer some insights MS methodological approach for estimating metabolic risk-factor clustering in children and adolescents.
3(1)
67
71
Metabolic Syndrome: a child is not a small adult / A., Pietrobelli; Malavolti, Marcella; Battistini, Nino Carlo; N., Fuiano. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. - ISSN 1747-7166. - STAMPA. - 3(1):(2008), pp. 67-71.
A., Pietrobelli; Malavolti, Marcella; Battistini, Nino Carlo; N., Fuiano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/611792
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