The sphingomyelin pathway is an ubiquitous, evolutionary conserved signaling system which transduces an extracellular signal into the cell. During the past few years increasing evidence has shown that the sphingolipid ceramide may play a role as a second messenger in intracellular signal transduction. The ceramide generation via sphingomyelinase (SMase) is followed by three major cellular responses: cell growth arrest, induction of cell differentiation and/or induction of programmed cell death or apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate whether activation of SMases and generation of ceramide can be induced by UVB radiation in normal human keratinocytes. The present data show that exposure to UVB radiation results in rapid generation of ceramide. The ceramide accumulation starts 15 min after UV exposure and progressively increases up to 24 h. In vitro measurement of SMase activity following exposure to UVB evidences an activation of both neutral and acidic SMases. Moreover, UVB induces apoptosis in normal human keratinocytes as shown by TUNEL technique and FACS analysis. These data indicate that UVB induced ceramide generation and activation of both neutral and acidic SMases, suggesting that sphingolipids metabolism may be involved in the UVB signaling pathway. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ultraviolet B radiation induces activation of neutral and acidic sphingomyelinases and ceramide generation in cultured normal human keratinocytes / Magnoni, Cristina; Euclidi, Emanuela; Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Seidenari, Stefania; Giannetti, Alberto. - In: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO. - ISSN 0887-2333. - STAMPA. - 16:(2002), pp. 349-355.

Ultraviolet B radiation induces activation of neutral and acidic sphingomyelinases and ceramide generation in cultured normal human keratinocytes

MAGNONI, Cristina;EUCLIDI, Emanuela;BENASSI, Luisa;BERTAZZONI, Giorgia;COSSARIZZA, Andrea;SEIDENARI, Stefania;GIANNETTI, Alberto
2002

Abstract

The sphingomyelin pathway is an ubiquitous, evolutionary conserved signaling system which transduces an extracellular signal into the cell. During the past few years increasing evidence has shown that the sphingolipid ceramide may play a role as a second messenger in intracellular signal transduction. The ceramide generation via sphingomyelinase (SMase) is followed by three major cellular responses: cell growth arrest, induction of cell differentiation and/or induction of programmed cell death or apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate whether activation of SMases and generation of ceramide can be induced by UVB radiation in normal human keratinocytes. The present data show that exposure to UVB radiation results in rapid generation of ceramide. The ceramide accumulation starts 15 min after UV exposure and progressively increases up to 24 h. In vitro measurement of SMase activity following exposure to UVB evidences an activation of both neutral and acidic SMases. Moreover, UVB induces apoptosis in normal human keratinocytes as shown by TUNEL technique and FACS analysis. These data indicate that UVB induced ceramide generation and activation of both neutral and acidic SMases, suggesting that sphingolipids metabolism may be involved in the UVB signaling pathway. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
16
349
355
Ultraviolet B radiation induces activation of neutral and acidic sphingomyelinases and ceramide generation in cultured normal human keratinocytes / Magnoni, Cristina; Euclidi, Emanuela; Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Seidenari, Stefania; Giannetti, Alberto. - In: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO. - ISSN 0887-2333. - STAMPA. - 16:(2002), pp. 349-355.
Magnoni, Cristina; Euclidi, Emanuela; Benassi, Luisa; Bertazzoni, Giorgia; Cossarizza, Andrea; Seidenari, Stefania; Giannetti, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/611731
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