Background: Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest the possibility that estrogens might have a cytoprotective effect on the liver. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that 17 beta-estradiol (E-2) prevents hepatocellular damage induced by deoxycholic acid (DCA), a hydrophobic bile acid. Methods:HepG2 cells were exposed for 24 h to DCA (350 mu mol/L). Cell viability, aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activity and apoptosis were measured as indices of cell toxicity. The effect of DCA was compared to that observed using either a hydrophilic bile acid, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA; 100 mu mol/L), or E-2 at different concentrations (1 nmol/L, 10 nmol/L, 50 nmol/L and 50 mu mol/L) or mixtures of E-2/DCA or UDCA/DCA. The same experiments were performed using WRL-68 cells that, at variance with HepG2, express a higher level of nuclear estrogen receptor. Results:High concentrations of E-2 and UDCA prevented DCA-induced decrease in cell viability, increase in enzyme activity and apoptosis evaluated both by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assays. In addition, DCA-related apoptosis, assessed by caspase activity, was also prevented by E-2 (P < 0.01) in physiological (1-10 nmol/L) doses. The cytoprotective effects of E-2 and UDCA was also observed in the WRL-68 cell line. Conclusions: 17 beta-Estradiol prevents DCA-induced cell damage in HepG2 and WRL-68 cell lines to an extent comparable to UDCA. The hypothesis that the protective effect of E-2 may be mediated by a mechanism that is nuclear estrogen receptor independent, deserves further verification.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||17 Beta-estradiol prevents cytotoxicity from hydrophobic bile acids in HepG2 and WRL-68 cell cultures|
|Autori:||M. Ricchi; M. Bertolotti; C. Anzivino; L. Carulli; I. Canedi; ML Bormioli; R. Tiozzo; MA Croce; A. Lonardo; N. Carulli; P. Loria|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1440-1746.2006.04144.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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