During mammalian oogenesis, some processes involve proliferation and others drastic reduction of germ cells. This study reports on the role played by two hormones, estradiol monobenzoate and oxytocin, in the control of the number of germ cells in the neonatal mouse ovary. Female neonatal mice were treated with doses ranging between 0.1 and 1 microg/mouse of estradiol monobenzoate or oxytocin and sacrificed at 5 days of postnatal age. The results showed that in the animals treated with estrogen, follicular development was more advanced than that of controls. Further the number of germ cells in apoptosis was drastically reduced. In the animals treated with oxytocin, the follicular development was arrested at the stage of primary follicles. In addition, the number of apoptotic germ cells increased if compared with that of the controls.
Influence of estrogens and oxytocin on germ cells death in the neonatal mammalian ovary / DE POL, Anto; Benelli, Augusta; Arletti, R.; Cavazzuti, E.; Sena, Paola; Vaccina, F.; Marzona, Laura. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 1122-6714. - STAMPA. - 106, 2:(2001), pp. 233-239.