Microglial cell activation occurs during brain injury, ischemia, and in several neurologic disorders. Recently, we isolated a transmissible cytotoxic activity (TCA) from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with brain ischemia. Such a TCA, associated with one or more protein(s) that supposedly had undergone in vivo misfolding, causes apoptosis in vitro in different cell lines, including microglial cells. The TCA producing cells and the potential in vivo role of such cytotoxic activity remains to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the in vitro effects of TCA on microglial cell immune functions.2. The murine microglial cell line RR4 was exposed to TCA, and then its response was evaluated as: (a) phagocytosis and antifungal activity against Candida albicans; (b) secretory pattern; and (c) levels of p38 phosphorylation.3. Unlike mock-treated controls, microglial cells exposed to TCA showed an increase in phagocytic activity. Unexpectedly, their capability to kill the ingested fungi significantly diminished. Moreover, TCA-treated cells produced amounts of macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and nitric oxide significantly higher than mock-treated cells. Finally, phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was detected in TCA-treated but not in mock-treated controls as early as 30 min after treatment.4. Overall, these results indicate that TCA causes a rapid molecular response in microglial cells, by the time, leading to an intriguing effector and secretory dysfunction.

A transmissible cytotoxic activity isolated from a patient with brain ischemia causes microglial cell activation and dysfunction / Beretti, Francesca; Cenacchi, Valeria; Portolani, Marinella; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Blasi, Elisabetta; Cermelli, Claudio. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0272-4340. - STAMPA. - 27:4(2007), pp. 517-528. [10.1007/s10571-007-9142-4]

A transmissible cytotoxic activity isolated from a patient with brain ischemia causes microglial cell activation and dysfunction.

BERETTI, Francesca;CENACCHI, Valeria;PORTOLANI, Marinella;ARDIZZONI, Andrea;BLASI, Elisabetta;CERMELLI, Claudio
2007

Abstract

Microglial cell activation occurs during brain injury, ischemia, and in several neurologic disorders. Recently, we isolated a transmissible cytotoxic activity (TCA) from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with brain ischemia. Such a TCA, associated with one or more protein(s) that supposedly had undergone in vivo misfolding, causes apoptosis in vitro in different cell lines, including microglial cells. The TCA producing cells and the potential in vivo role of such cytotoxic activity remains to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the in vitro effects of TCA on microglial cell immune functions.2. The murine microglial cell line RR4 was exposed to TCA, and then its response was evaluated as: (a) phagocytosis and antifungal activity against Candida albicans; (b) secretory pattern; and (c) levels of p38 phosphorylation.3. Unlike mock-treated controls, microglial cells exposed to TCA showed an increase in phagocytic activity. Unexpectedly, their capability to kill the ingested fungi significantly diminished. Moreover, TCA-treated cells produced amounts of macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and nitric oxide significantly higher than mock-treated cells. Finally, phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was detected in TCA-treated but not in mock-treated controls as early as 30 min after treatment.4. Overall, these results indicate that TCA causes a rapid molecular response in microglial cells, by the time, leading to an intriguing effector and secretory dysfunction.
27
4
517
528
A transmissible cytotoxic activity isolated from a patient with brain ischemia causes microglial cell activation and dysfunction / Beretti, Francesca; Cenacchi, Valeria; Portolani, Marinella; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Blasi, Elisabetta; Cermelli, Claudio. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0272-4340. - STAMPA. - 27:4(2007), pp. 517-528. [10.1007/s10571-007-9142-4]
Beretti, Francesca; Cenacchi, Valeria; Portolani, Marinella; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Blasi, Elisabetta; Cermelli, Claudio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/611719
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