Objective: The present randomized prospective study aimed to compare the effect of tibolone (T) with conventional low-dose estrogen-progestogen therapy (EPT) administered in a combined continuous regimen on the course of primary headaches in postmenopausal women requesting hormone therapy (HT) for climacteric complaints. Design: Forty women presenting for clinical evaluation of headache (migraine without aura and episodic tension-type headache) were enrolled. The observational period lasted 7 months during which women kept a diary of the clinical characteristics of headache attacks and analgesic use. Climacteric symptoms and both anxiety and depression were also measured. After a 1-month run-in period, women received two different HT regimens: 1 mg 17 beta-estradiol + 0.5 mg norethisterone acetate (EPT) or 2.5 mg T. Follow-up evaluations were planned after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Results: Although T did not affect the number of days with migraine without aura, it significantly reduced the number of hours during which pain intensity prohibited daily activities (P < 0.001) and the number of analgesics (P < 0.001) after 3 months. Conventional low-dose EPT administered in a combined continuous regimen was confirmed to have a mild, but negative, effect on the course of migraine without aura by increasing the number of days with head pain (P < 0.001) and the number of analgesics (P < 0.001). Interestingly, both treatments were effective in the management of episodic tension-type headache, significantly reducing the number of days with head pain, severity, and analgesic consumption. Conclusions: In postmenopausal headache sufferers, analgesics are more effective in alleviating severe head pain when women are treated with T in comparison with low-dose EPT for climacteric complaints.
Different effects of tibolone and low-dose EPT in the management of postmenopausal women with primary headaches / Nappi, Re; Sances, G; Sommacal, A; Detaddei, S; Facchinetti, Fabio; Cristina, S; Polatti, F; Nappi, G.. - In: MENOPAUSE. - ISSN 1072-3714. - STAMPA. - 13:5(2006), pp. 818-825. [10.1097/01.gme.0000227399.53192.f5]