Organ dysfunction secondary to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury still represents a major problem in liver transplantation. Apoptosis has been observed in hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cell, following I/R injury and it has been postulated as a contributing factor in ischemia-reperfusion graft dysfunction, involving a complex series of events, as changes of protein tyrosine-kinase phosphorylation. We evaluated hepatic purine metabolites, protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), nitrate plus nitrite levels (NOx), caspase-3 (C-3) activity and DNA fragmentation in the time course of twelve pig orthotopic liver transplantation. Biopsies were taken before explantation (t0), after cold ischemic storage (t1) and 30 min from reperfusion (t2). During the ischemic period we observed a reduction of high energy phosphates and an increase of purine bases; PTP activity was largely increased. At t2 high energy phosphates showed a tendency to increase with respect to t1, with a partial restoration of phosphorylation potential, measured as ATP/ADT ratio. PTP activity was significantly reduced, with a concomitant increase of NOx production and C-3 activity; in a considerable number of cases we observed a sustained DNA fragmentation. We speculate that NOx production could be related to nitrosative stress, which in turn leads to dynamic alteration in PTP balance and cell signalling, regulating the activity of a number of proteins implicated in apoptotic cell death. These findings could be of interest in new potential strategy to prevent and treat I/R injury.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||NITRIC OXIDE GENERATION IS ASSOCIATED WITH AN UNBALANCE OF PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASES DURING LIVER TRANSPLANTATION|
|Autori:||CARLUCCI F; MARINELLO E; ROSI F; FLOCCARI F; G. GERUNDA; NERI D; TABUCCHI A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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