Chemokines have been identified to play an important role in endocrine autoimmune disease and hepatitis C chronic infection. To our knowledge, no study has evaluated serum levels of CXCL10 and CCL2 in patients with "mixed cryoglobulinemia and hepatitis C virus chronic infection" (MC) in the presence or absence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). Serum CXCL10 and CCL2 were assayed in 60 patients with MC, in 45 patients with "MC with AT" (MC + AT), and in controls (60 without [control 1] and 45 with AT [control 2]). CXCL10 was significantly higher (1) in control 2 than in control 1 (P < .001), (2) in MC than in control 1, and (3) in MC + AT than in controls 1 and 2 and in MC (P = .002). A high CXCL10 level (>mean + SD control 1; >167 pg/mL) was present in 7% control 1, 21% control 2, 49% MC, and 78% MC + AT (P < .0001). CCL2 was significantly higher in MC and in MC + AT than in control 1 or in control 2 (P < .01). A high CCL2 level (>mean + SD control 1; >730 pg/mL) was present in 2% control 1, 1% control 2, 18% MC, and 21% MC + AT (P < .0001). The study demonstrates high CXCL10 and CCL2 serum levels in patients with MC; CXCL10 in MC + AT is significantly higher than that in MC. Future studies in larger series will be needed to evaluate the potential usefulness of serum CXCL10 and CCL2 determination as a prognostic marker in the follow-up of MC patients, also in relation to the presence of AT.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Alpha-chemokine CXCL10 and beta-chemokine CCL2 serum levels in patients with hepatitis C-associated cryoglobulinemia in the presence or absence of autoimmune thyroiditis.|
|Autori:||A. ANTONELLI; C. FERRI; P. FALLAHI; S.M. FERRARI; S. FRASCERRA; A. CARPI; A. NICOLINI; E. FERRANNINI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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