AIMS: To test for anti-CD38 autoimmunity in children with newly-diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). METHODS: Serum anti-CD38 autoantibodies were detected by Western blot in 270 children (130 girls, 140 boys, mean age 8 +/- 4 years) with newly-diagnosed DM1 and 179 gender- and age-matched non-diabetic children. In 126 diabetic children, another blood sample was obtained 15 +/- 4 months after the diagnosis. RESULTS: Anti-CD38 autoantibody titers at least 3 SD above the mean value for the control group were found in 4.4% of children with DM1 vs 0.6% of controls (chi2 = 5.8, p <0.016). No statistical differences were observed between anti-CD38 positive and negative patients in terms of phenotype. At follow-up, of six diabetic children who were positive for anti-CD38 antibodies, two were new cases. A positive correlation was found between the antibody titer of diabetic sera at diagnosis and follow up (r = 0.46, p <0.0001). CONCLUSION: An autoimmune reaction against CD38, a protein expressed in human islets, is associated with newly-diagnosed DM1. In children with DM1, CD38 autoimmunity increases with time and persists.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Anti-CD38 autoimmunity in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus.|
|Autore/i:||PUPILLI C; ANTONELLI A; L. IUGHETTI; D'ANNUNZIO G; COTELLESSA M; VANELLI M; OKAMOTO H; LORINI R; FERRANNINI E|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000235123800008|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-30944446824|
|Citazione:||Anti-CD38 autoimmunity in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus / PUPILLI C; ANTONELLI A; L. IUGHETTI; D'ANNUNZIO G; COTELLESSA M; VANELLI M; OKAMOTO H; LORINI R; FERRANNINI E. - In: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 0334-018X. - STAMPA. - 18(2005), pp. 1417-1423.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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