Background. The clinical application of prosthetic components obtained by different manufacturing processes lacks technological foundation: the dimensional tolerance of individual parts and their assembly accuracy are not known. The rotational misfit of the hexagonal connection is critical in single tooth implant restorations, but no standard control procedures are available for its evaluation.Purpose. The research aimed at proposing a new protocol for the dimensional assessment of implant-abutment connections, based on non-contact measurement and statistical data processing. The procedure was applied to machined- and cast-on abutments, as well of the matching implants.Materials and Methods. Three groups of 5 abutments each were studied: machined titanium abutments, premachined calcinable abutments before casting procedures and the same specimens after casting. A group of 5 corresponding implants was considered as well. Twice the apothem was measured on each hexagon through an optical measuring microscope. The data were processed to obtain the international tolerance (IT) grade. The rotational misfit was then calculated using the apothems of the external and the internal hexagon.Results. All the components were classified between IT8 and IT9 and the maximum rotational misfit was around 3-4° for all the assemblies, inferior to the critical limits for the screw joint stability.Conclusion. An original measuring protocol was developed, independent of parts assembly and based on international tolerances. An objective dimensional characterization of prosthetic components and assemblies has been achieved, which is the basis for their reliability in clinical applications.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Dimensional tolerances and assembly accuracy of dental implants and machined- versus cast-on abutments|
|Autore/i:||Malaguti, Giuliano; Denti, Lucia; Bassoli, Elena; I., Franchi; Bortolini, Sergio; Gatto, Andrea|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2009.00189.x|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000289896300006|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-79955384594|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||19681925|
|Citazione:||Dimensional tolerances and assembly accuracy of dental implants and machined- versus cast-on abutments / Malaguti, Giuliano; Denti, Lucia; Bassoli, Elena; I., Franchi; Bortolini, Sergio; Gatto, Andrea. - In: CLINICAL IMPLANT DENTISTRY AND RELATED RESEARCH. - ISSN 1523-0899. - STAMPA. - 13(2011), pp. 134-140.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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