Objectives—To investigate the role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene polymorphisms as a link between inflammation,coagulation, and risk of ischemic vascular disease at young age.Methods and Results—A total of 406 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) at young age, frequency-matched for age,sex, and recruitment center, with 419 healthy population-based controls and 134 patients with ischemic stroke at youngage, matched by age and sex, with 134 healthy population-based controls, were studied. Subjects carrying the TTgenotype of the 511C/T IL-1 polymorphism showed a decreased risk of MI (odds ratio [OR], 0.36; 95% CI, 0.20to 0.64) and stroke (OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.13 to 0.81) after adjustment for conventional risk factors. In both studies, theT allele showed a codominant effect (P0.0020 in MI; P0.021 in stroke). Mononuclear cells from volunteers carryingthe T allele showed a decreased release of IL-1 and a decreased expression of tissue factor after stimulation withlipopolysaccharide compared with CC homozygotes. The presence of a monoclonal antibody against IL-1 during cellstimulation resulted in a marked reduction of tissue factor activity expression.Conclusions—-511C/T IL-1 gene polymorphism affects the risk of MI and ischemic stroke at young age and the responseof mononuclear cells to inflammatory stimulation.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Polymorphism of the interleukin 1-b gene affect the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke at young age and the response of mononuclear cells to stimulation in vitro|
|Autori:||L., IACOVIELLO L; Mattioli, Anna Vittoria|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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