To assess whether the quantitative and qualitative aspects of cortisol, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), and androstenedione (D4A) secretion in patients with nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) differ from those in normal children, 24-hour serum concentrations of these steroids were measured in five prepubertal patients with NCCAH and five normal prepubertal children. Adrenal steroid profiles obtained by 30-minute sampling were analyzed by the Pulsar program. In comparison to normal children, the 24-hour quantitative parameters of 17-OHP and D4A secretion were significantly greater in NCCAH patients, but serum cortisol concentrations were similar in the two groups. When daytime and nighttime hormone releases were separately analyzed, a significant nocturnal elevation of the cortisol area under the curve above zero level (AUCo) and 12-hour mean and 17-OHP AUCo, AUC above baseline, mean peak height, amplitude, area, and 12-hour mean was detected in normal subjects only. Conversely, NCCAH patients exhibited an increased frequency and number of 17-OHP secretory peaks at night together with a reduction of the interpeak interval. No significant day/night differences in D4A concentrations were detected either in normals or in the patients. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that patients with NCCAH have a distinct pattern of adrenal steroid secretion characterized by a high-frequency 17-OHP release accompanied by a relative nocturnal cortisol deficiency.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Titolo:||Dynamics of 24-hour pulsatile cortisol,17-hydroxyprogesterone,and androstenedione release in prepubertal patients with nonclassic 21-hydroxylase deficiency and normal prepubertal children.|
|Autori:||L.GHIZZONI; S.BERNASCONI; R.VIRDIS; A.VOTTERO; M.ZIVERI; C.VOLTA; L. IUGHETTI; G.GIOVANNELLI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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