The p.N680S sequence variation of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor gene was previously shown to influence the ovarian response to FSH in normo-ovulatory women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. In this prospective, randomized, controlled study, we tested whether the same daily dose of FSH results in lower levels of oestradiol in women homozygous for the p.N680S sequence variation, and whether the difference can be overcome by higher FSH doses. Women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection and homozygous for the wild-type or for the p.N680S FSH receptor were randomly assigned to group I (Ser/Ser, n=24), receiving an FSH dose of 150 U/day, or group II (Ser/Ser, n=25), receiving an FSH dose of 225 U/day. In group III (Asn/Asn, n=44), the FSH dose was 150 U/day. Age and basal FSH levels were not different between groups. At ovulation induction, total FSH doses were comparable in group I (1631+/-96 U) and group III (1640+/-57 U) but significantly higher in group II (2421+/-112 U) (P<0.001). Peak oestradiol levels on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) administration were significantly lower in group I (5680+/-675 pmol/l) compared to group III (8679+/-804 pmol/l) (P=0.028). Increasing the FSH dose from 150 to 225 U/day overcame the lower oestradiol response in women with Ser/Ser (group II, 7804+/-983 pmol/l). In women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, the p.N680S sequence variation results in lower oestradiol levels following FSH stimulation. This lower FSH receptor sensitivity can be overcome by higher FSH doses.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Significance of a common single nucleotide polymorphism in exon of the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor gene for ovarian response to FSH: a pharmacogenetic approach to control ovarian hyperstimulation.|
|Autore/i:||Behre, Hm; Greb, Rr; Mempel, A; Sonntag, B; Kiesel, L; Kaltwasser, P; Seliger, E; Röpke, F; Gromoll, J; Nieschlag, E; Simoni, Manuela|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000230799800002|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-22544475352|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||15970792|
|Citazione:||Significance of a common single nucleotide polymorphism in exon of the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor gene for ovarian response to FSH: a pharmacogenetic approach to control ovarian hyperstimulation / Behre, Hm; Greb, Rr; Mempel, A; Sonntag, B; Kiesel, L; Kaltwasser, P; Seliger, E; Röpke, F; Gromoll, J; Nieschlag, E; Simoni, Manuela. - In: PHARMACOGENETICS AND GENOMICS. - ISSN 1744-6872. - ELETTRONICO. - 15(2005), pp. 451-456.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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