Activating mutations of the luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) and the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) have been known for several years. These activating mutations permanently stimulate, in the absence of their cognate ligand, the receptor signaling pathways. In the case of the LHR, the induced chronic stimulation causes sporadic and familial pseudoprecocious puberty, a phenotype observed only in males. The absence of a female phenotype is probably due to the requirement for FSH in the induction of LHR expression. For the FSHR, one activating mutation was found in a patient with normal spermatogenesis without detectable gonadotropins. Whether activating mutations of the gonadotropin receptors are involved in tumor development is not yet clear. Activating mutations of the FSHR were supposedly involved but not found in ovarian tumors. For the LHR, only one patient with a seminoma and an activating mutation was described. The different occurrence of activating mutations of the LHR compared to the FSHR is surprising, since the two genes are adjacently located on chromosome 2 and should therefore be affected by a similar mutation rate. It might well be that mutations occur with the same frequency, but that activating mutations of the FSHR do not result in any particular phenotype.

Constitutively active mutations of G protein-coupled receptors: the case of the human luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone receptors / Nordhoff, V; Gromoll, J; Simoni, Manuela. - In: ARCHIVES OF MEDICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0188-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - 30:(1999), pp. 501-509.

Constitutively active mutations of G protein-coupled receptors: the case of the human luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone receptors.

SIMONI, Manuela
1999

Abstract

Activating mutations of the luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) and the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) have been known for several years. These activating mutations permanently stimulate, in the absence of their cognate ligand, the receptor signaling pathways. In the case of the LHR, the induced chronic stimulation causes sporadic and familial pseudoprecocious puberty, a phenotype observed only in males. The absence of a female phenotype is probably due to the requirement for FSH in the induction of LHR expression. For the FSHR, one activating mutation was found in a patient with normal spermatogenesis without detectable gonadotropins. Whether activating mutations of the gonadotropin receptors are involved in tumor development is not yet clear. Activating mutations of the FSHR were supposedly involved but not found in ovarian tumors. For the LHR, only one patient with a seminoma and an activating mutation was described. The different occurrence of activating mutations of the LHR compared to the FSHR is surprising, since the two genes are adjacently located on chromosome 2 and should therefore be affected by a similar mutation rate. It might well be that mutations occur with the same frequency, but that activating mutations of the FSHR do not result in any particular phenotype.
30
501
509
Constitutively active mutations of G protein-coupled receptors: the case of the human luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone receptors / Nordhoff, V; Gromoll, J; Simoni, Manuela. - In: ARCHIVES OF MEDICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0188-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - 30:(1999), pp. 501-509.
Nordhoff, V; Gromoll, J; Simoni, Manuela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/607302
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