BACKGROUND:Recent data highlighted the role of nuclear receptors in the transcriptional regulation of the limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis, cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, in cellular and animal models. This study was designed to analyze the effects of age on cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase and related nuclear receptor expression in human livers.DESIGN:Surgical liver biopsies were obtained in 23 patients requiring operation on the gastrointestinal tract. mRNA levels of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase and related nuclear receptors and co-activators were assayed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Serum levels of 7alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one, a marker of bile acid synthesis, were assayed by gas-liquid chromatography:mass spectrometry.RESULTS:Ageing was inversely correlated with serum 7alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and with cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase mRNA levels (r = -0.44 and r = -0.45 on a semi-log scale, respectively, P < 0.05). Among different nuclear factors, cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase mRNA best correlated with hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 (r = 0.55 on a log scale, P < 0.05); hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 levels were also inversely correlated with age (r = -0.64 on a semi-log scale, P < 0.05). Age was inversely correlated with serum insulin-like growth factor-I levels, which were directly correlated with hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 and cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase expression. No suppressive effect of short heterodimer partner expression on cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase was observed.CONCLUSIONS:Ageing associates with reduced bile acid synthesis, possibly related to decreased hepatic expression of hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 and consequently of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase. Age-related modifications of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor axis might play a role. These findings may help to elucidate the pathophysiology of age-related modifications of cholesterol metabolism.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||Age-related changes in bile acid synthesis and hepatic nuclear receptor expression|
|Autore/i:||Bertolotti, Marco; Gabbi, C; Anzivino, Claudia; Crestani, M; Mitro, N; Del Puppo, M; Godio, C; De Fabiani, E; Macchioni, D; Carulli, Lucia; Rossi, Aldo; Ricchi, M; Loria, P; Carulli, Nicola|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2362.2007.01808.x|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000246792900008|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-34249289704|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||17537158|
|Citazione:||Age-related changes in bile acid synthesis and hepatic nuclear receptor expression / Bertolotti, Marco; Gabbi, C; Anzivino, Claudia; Crestani, M; Mitro, N; Del Puppo, M; Godio, C; De Fabiani, E; Macchioni, D; Carulli, Lucia; Rossi, Aldo; Ricchi, M; Loria, P; Carulli, Nicola. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0014-2972. - STAMPA. - 37(2007), pp. 501-508.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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