Nitrendipine is a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist that may be active when administered once daily. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of antihypertensive treatment with nitrendipine (20-40 mg) on left ventricular mass and diastolic function. Forty patients with mild to moderate hypertension (diastolic pressure greater than or equal to 90 and less than or equal to 114 mm Hg) were enrolled; a complete echo Doppler examination was performed at baseline, and 8 and 12 months after treatment in order to measure left ventricular mass and diastolic and systolic function. Only 28 patients completed the study follow-up. At month 8 nitrendipine had already successfully reduced blood pressure (mean 122 +/- 9 to 92 +/- 10 mm Hg) without modifying heart rate, and left ventricular mass index (150 +/- 48 to 123 +/- 34 g/m2), with a further reduction at month 12. Isovolumic relaxation time was reduced at month 8 from 138 +/- 28 to 111 +/- 17 ms, but the diastolic pattern was completely modified only after 1 year, with a normalization of deceleration time (from 220 +/- 35 to 188 +/- 12). Systolic function did not change. Our results indicate that nitrendipine is a powerful antihypertensive agent that reduces left ventricular mass, but requires a longer period of time to improve diastolic filling pattern
Effect of antihypertensive treatment with nitrendipine on left ventricular mass and diastolic filling in patients with mild to moderate hypertension / Modena, Maria Grazia; Mattioli, Anna Vittoria; Parato, Vm; Mattioli, Giorgio. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0160-2446. - ELETTRONICO. - 19:(1992), pp. 148-153.