presentazione del simposio n° 39, organizzato dalle autrici su due girnate (e 61 contributi) al 12th International Palynological Congress and 8th International Organisation of Palaeobotany ConferenceCultural landscape reconstruction based on integrated micro- and macro-remains studies is one of the last challenges for palynologists and archaeobotanists. The knowledge of past environments is of crucial help for archaeologists and historians. A correct and adapted sampling strategy is at the base of every scientific investigation in archaeological sites, but a univocal protocol cannot be assessed. Recent studies point out that archaeobotanical sampling has to be not only carried out in the case of visible records, but should be carefully searched in “anthropic” layers. It appears clear that all known techniques for past plants recovery and analysis should be applied on the same samples. Distinguishing signs of anthropic action, influence and impact by means of not-intentional or intentional plant management can be achieved not only by approaching the problem within a multidisciplinary framework, but also by parallel studies carried out both on pollen and macro-remains. The two data sets supply in fact a more complete picture of past green landscapes. Pollen, micro-charcoal, and other palynomorph records from the archaeological sites are an invaluable tool to follow the diachronical succession of events, and for studying the onset and evolution of cultural landscapes. The palynology of archaeological sites offers detailed studies, which can be very useful in environmental archaeology, to assess the relevance of the human influence on different environments and the extent of land use. Plant macroremains often allow specific determinations and both palaeoecological and ethnobotanical inferences. Besides being a useful local reference, they are fundamental in disentangling, at least on a regional scale, if environmental changes are human or climate induced. Studies from archaeological layers (on-site), and sediment cores (off-site) close to archaeological sites, recording human-related environmental changes, have repetitively revealed that human-induced environmental changes are quite clearly visible at least from the Neolithic onwards. Many examples from European and extra-European countries are reported, one time more testifying that the sampling and analytic methodology goes besides the geographical boundaries.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Reconstruction of past cultural landscapes and human-related environmental changes using palynological and archaeobotanical records|
|Autori:||A.M. MERCURI; L. SADORI|
|Nome del convegno:||12th IPC and 8th IOPC.|
|Luogo del convegno:||Bonn, Germany|
|Data del convegno:||30 August-5 September 2008|
|Titolo del libro:||Abstract Volume 12th IPC and 8th IOPC|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract in Rivista|
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