There appears to be very good epidemiological evidence for a relationship between chlorination by-products, as measured by trihalomethanes (THMs), in drinking water and bladder cancer,but the evidence for other cancers, including colorectal cancer appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. There appears to be some evidence for a relationship between chlorinationby-products, as measured by THMs, and small for gestational age (SGA)/intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery, but evidence for other outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), stillbirth, congenital anomalies and semen quality appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. The overall aim of the HIWATE study is to investigate potential human health risks (e.g. bladder and colorectal cancer, premature births, SGA, semen quality, stillbirth, congenital anomalies)associated with long-term exposure to low levels of disinfectants (such as chlorine) and DBPs occurring in water for human consumption and use in the food industry. The study will compriserisk–benefit analyses including quantitative assessments of risk associated with microbial contamination of drinking water versus chemical risk and will compare alternative treatmentoptions. The outcome will be improved risk assessment and better information for risk management. The work is divided into different topics (exposure assessment, epidemiology, riskassessment and management) and studies.

Health impacts of long-term exposure to disinfectionby-products in drinking water in Europe: HIWATE / M. J., Nieuwenhuijsen; R., Smith; S., Golfinopoulos; N., Best; J., Bennett; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Righi, Elena; Fantuzzi, Guglielmina; L., Bucchini; S., Cordier; C. M., Villanueva; V., Moreno; C., La Vecchia; C., Bosetti; T., Vartiainen; R., Rautiu; M., Toledano; N., Iszatt; R., Grazuleviciene; M., Kogevinas. - In: JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH. - ISSN 1477-8920. - STAMPA. - 7:2(2009), pp. 185-207. [10.2166/wh.2009.073]

Health impacts of long-term exposure to disinfectionby-products in drinking water in Europe: HIWATE

AGGAZZOTTI, Gabriella;RIGHI, Elena;FANTUZZI, Guglielmina;
2009

Abstract

There appears to be very good epidemiological evidence for a relationship between chlorination by-products, as measured by trihalomethanes (THMs), in drinking water and bladder cancer,but the evidence for other cancers, including colorectal cancer appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. There appears to be some evidence for a relationship between chlorinationby-products, as measured by THMs, and small for gestational age (SGA)/intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery, but evidence for other outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), stillbirth, congenital anomalies and semen quality appears to be inconclusive and inconsistent. The overall aim of the HIWATE study is to investigate potential human health risks (e.g. bladder and colorectal cancer, premature births, SGA, semen quality, stillbirth, congenital anomalies)associated with long-term exposure to low levels of disinfectants (such as chlorine) and DBPs occurring in water for human consumption and use in the food industry. The study will compriserisk–benefit analyses including quantitative assessments of risk associated with microbial contamination of drinking water versus chemical risk and will compare alternative treatmentoptions. The outcome will be improved risk assessment and better information for risk management. The work is divided into different topics (exposure assessment, epidemiology, riskassessment and management) and studies.
2009
7
2
185
207
Health impacts of long-term exposure to disinfectionby-products in drinking water in Europe: HIWATE / M. J., Nieuwenhuijsen; R., Smith; S., Golfinopoulos; N., Best; J., Bennett; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Righi, Elena; Fantuzzi, Guglielmina; L., Bucchini; S., Cordier; C. M., Villanueva; V., Moreno; C., La Vecchia; C., Bosetti; T., Vartiainen; R., Rautiu; M., Toledano; N., Iszatt; R., Grazuleviciene; M., Kogevinas. - In: JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH. - ISSN 1477-8920. - STAMPA. - 7:2(2009), pp. 185-207. [10.2166/wh.2009.073]
M. J., Nieuwenhuijsen; R., Smith; S., Golfinopoulos; N., Best; J., Bennett; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Righi, Elena; Fantuzzi, Guglielmina; L., Bucchini; S., Cordier; C. M., Villanueva; V., Moreno; C., La Vecchia; C., Bosetti; T., Vartiainen; R., Rautiu; M., Toledano; N., Iszatt; R., Grazuleviciene; M., Kogevinas
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